memcpy regression

Michael Ellerman mpe at
Mon Sep 7 18:40:49 AEST 2015

On Mon, 2015-09-07 at 09:08 +0200, Christophe LEROY wrote:
> Hi Michael
> Le 07/09/2015 03:14, Michael Ellerman a écrit :
> > On Sun, 2015-09-06 at 23:01 +0200, Michal Sojka wrote:
> >> I found the problem. The compiler replaces an assignment with a call to
> >> memcpy. The following patch fixes the problem for me. However, I'm not
> >> sure whether this is the real solution. I guess the compiler is free to
> >> generate a call to memcpy wherever it wants so other compilers or other
> >> optimization levels may need fixes at other places. What do others
> >> think?
> > I think you're right that it's not a good solution, the compiler could generate
> > other calls to memcpy depending on various factors, and people will add new
> > code that causes memcpy to get called and it will break your platform.
> >
> > Christophe, am I right that the problem here is that your new memcpy() doesn't
> > work until later in boot when caches are enabled?
> That's right, memset() and memcpy() are for setting/copying data into 
> cacheable RAM.
> They are using dczb instruction in order to avoid wasting time loading 
> the cacheline with data that will be overwritten.
> memset_io() and memcpy_toio() are the functions to use when using not 
> cacheable memory.
> The issue identified by Michal is in function setup_cpu_spec() which is 
> called by identify_cpu(). identify_cpu() is called from early_init().
> In the begining of early_init(), there is (code from Paul in 2005)
> 	/* First zero the BSS -- use memset_io, some platforms don't have
> 	 * caches on yet */
> 	memset_io((void __iomem *)PTRRELOC(&__bss_start), 0,
> 			__bss_stop - __bss_start);
> It shows that it is already expected that the cache is not active yet 
> and standard memset() shall not be used yet. That's the same with memcpy().

Thanks for the explanation.

> I think GCC uses memcpy() in well known situations like initialising 
> structures or copying structures.
> Shouldn't we just avoid this kind of actions in the very few early init 
> functions ?

Which are the "very few" early init functions? Can you make a list, for 32-bit
and 64-bit? And can we keep it updated over time and not introduce regressions?


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