memcpy regression

Christophe LEROY christophe.leroy at
Mon Sep 7 17:08:01 AEST 2015

Hi Michael

Le 07/09/2015 03:14, Michael Ellerman a écrit :
> Hi Michal,
> Thanks for finding the problem.
> On Sun, 2015-09-06 at 23:01 +0200, Michal Sojka wrote:
>> I found the problem. The compiler replaces an assignment with a call to
>> memcpy. The following patch fixes the problem for me. However, I'm not
>> sure whether this is the real solution. I guess the compiler is free to
>> generate a call to memcpy wherever it wants so other compilers or other
>> optimization levels may need fixes at other places. What do others
>> think?
> I think you're right that it's not a good solution, the compiler could generate
> other calls to memcpy depending on various factors, and people will add new
> code that causes memcpy to get called and it will break your platform.
> Christophe, am I right that the problem here is that your new memcpy() doesn't
> work until later in boot when caches are enabled?

That's right, memset() and memcpy() are for setting/copying data into 
cacheable RAM.
They are using dczb instruction in order to avoid wasting time loading 
the cacheline with data that will be overwritten.

memset_io() and memcpy_toio() are the functions to use when using not 
cacheable memory.

The issue identified by Michal is in function setup_cpu_spec() which is 
called by identify_cpu(). identify_cpu() is called from early_init().
In the begining of early_init(), there is (code from Paul in 2005)

	/* First zero the BSS -- use memset_io, some platforms don't have
	 * caches on yet */
	memset_io((void __iomem *)PTRRELOC(&__bss_start), 0,
			__bss_stop - __bss_start);

It shows that it is already expected that the cache is not active yet 
and standard memset() shall not be used yet. That's the same with memcpy().

I think GCC uses memcpy() in well known situations like initialising 
structures or copying structures.
Shouldn't we just avoid this kind of actions in the very few early init 
functions ?


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