MMC over SPI on Virtex-4

Brian Silverman bsilverman at
Wed Feb 27 03:26:48 EST 2008

Hello all,

I'm attempting to get MMC over xilinx_spi working on a custom Xilinx 
Virtex-4 board (that has a working SD/SPI interface, tested with a 
standalone app).

I'm having issues mounting the device, and after doing a bit of 
debugging, I'm confused about how things are supposed to work.  I'm 
using 2.6.24-rc8-xlnx from, with some patches (for the 
uartlite (Grant Likely), and other minor things).  In addition, I'm 
using some of a patch from Andrei Konovalov ( 
for Xilinx SPI support in virtex_devices.c (BTW, will this patch hit the 
main tree at some point?)

Here's what I do, and what I see:
- Create a block device: "mknod /dev/m0 b 179 0"
- Access that device ("cat /dev/m0")
- I see the calls into the kernel:
             kobj_lookup(bdev_map, ...)
- The device is not found (bdev_map has been initialized, but the only 
"probe" at major 179 is base_probe().
- kobj_lookup() returns NULL, and the open returns ENXIO (No such device 
or address).

Here's what I don't understand:  In order for kobj_lookup to 
successfully return non-NULL, a "probe" has to have been added to 
bdev_map using kobj_map().  But, kobj_map(bdev_map,...) is called only 
by blk_register_region(), which is never called by the MMC driver.

I'm clearly missing something here.  Has anyone successfully used MMC 
over SPI or xilinx_spi?  How is the MMC driver supposed to work in 
regards to opening a device?

Also, for reference:

I've added the following configs:


And, /proc/devices does report the mmc device:

# cat /proc/devices
Character devices:
  1 mem
  4 /dev/vc/0
  4 tty
  5 /dev/tty
  5 /dev/console
  5 /dev/ptmx
  7 vcs
 10 misc
 13 input
128 ptm
136 pts
204 ttyUL

Block devices:
  1 ramdisk
179 mmc

Brian Silverman
Concept X, LLC

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