[RFC PATCH 0/3] OPTPROBES for powerpc
anju at linux.vnet.ibm.com
Wed May 18 06:39:35 AEST 2016
Here are the RFC patchset of the kprobes jump optimization
(a.k.a OPTPROBES)for powerpc. Kprobe being an inevitable tool
for kernel developers,enhancing the performance of kprobe has
got much importance.
Currently kprobes inserts a trap instruction to probe a running kernel.
Jump optimization allows kprobes to replace the trap with a branch,reducing
the probe overhead drastically.
An optimized kprobe in powerpc is 1.05 to 4.7 times faster than a kprobe.
Placed a probe at an offset 0x50 in _do_fork().
*Time Diff here is, difference in time before hitting the probe and after the probed instruction.
mftb() is employed in kernel/fork.c for this purpose.
# echo 0 > /proc/sys/debug/kprobes-optimization
Kprobes globally unoptimized
[ 233.607120] Time Diff = 0x1f0
[ 233.608273] Time Diff = 0x1ee
[ 233.609228] Time Diff = 0x203
[ 233.610400] Time Diff = 0x1ec
[ 233.611335] Time Diff = 0x200
[ 233.612552] Time Diff = 0x1f0
[ 233.613386] Time Diff = 0x1ee
[ 233.614547] Time Diff = 0x212
[ 233.615570] Time Diff = 0x206
[ 233.616819] Time Diff = 0x1f3
[ 233.617773] Time Diff = 0x1ec
[ 233.618944] Time Diff = 0x1fb
[ 233.619879] Time Diff = 0x1f0
[ 233.621066] Time Diff = 0x1f9
[ 233.621999] Time Diff = 0x283
[ 233.623281] Time Diff = 0x24d
[ 233.624172] Time Diff = 0x1ea
[ 233.625381] Time Diff = 0x1f0
[ 233.626358] Time Diff = 0x200
[ 233.627572] Time Diff = 0x1ed
# echo 1 > /proc/sys/debug/kprobes-optimization
Kprobes globally optimized
[ 70.797075] Time Diff = 0x103
[ 70.799102] Time Diff = 0x181
[ 70.801861] Time Diff = 0x15e
[ 70.803466] Time Diff = 0xf0
[ 70.804348] Time Diff = 0xd0
[ 70.805653] Time Diff = 0xad
[ 70.806477] Time Diff = 0xe0
[ 70.807725] Time Diff = 0xbe
[ 70.808541] Time Diff = 0xc3
[ 70.810191] Time Diff = 0xc7
[ 70.811007] Time Diff = 0xc0
[ 70.812629] Time Diff = 0xc0
[ 70.813640] Time Diff = 0xda
[ 70.814915] Time Diff = 0xbb
[ 70.815726] Time Diff = 0xc4
[ 70.816955] Time Diff = 0xc0
[ 70.817778] Time Diff = 0xcd
[ 70.818999] Time Diff = 0xcd
[ 70.820099] Time Diff = 0xcb
[ 70.821333] Time Diff = 0xf0
The trap instruction is replaced by a branch to a detour buffer.
To address the limitation of branch instruction in power architecture
detour buffer slot is allocated from a reserved area . This will ensure
that the branch is within +/- 32 MB range. Patch 2/3 furnishes this.
The current kprobes insn caches allocate memory area for insn slots
with module_alloc(). This will always be beyond +/- 32MB range.
Hence for allocating and freeing slots from this reserved area
ppc_get_optinsn_slot() and ppc_free_optinsns_slot() are introduced.
The detour buffer contains a call to optimized_callback() which in turn
call the pre_handler(). Once the pre-handler is run, the original instruction
is emulated from the detour buffer itself. Also the detour buffer is equipped
with a branch back to the normal work flow after the probed instruction is emulated.
Before preparing optimization, Kprobes inserts original(user-defined) kprobe on the
specified address. So, even if the kprobe is not possible to be optimized, it just uses
a normal kprobe.
- Number of probes which can be optimized is limited by the size of the area reserved.
* TODO: Have a template based implementation that will alleviate the probe count by
using a lesser space from the reserved area for optimization.
- Currently instructions which can be emulated are the only candidates for optimization.
Kindly let me know your suggestions and comments.
Anju T (3):
arch/powerpc : Add detour buffer support for optprobes
arch/powerpc : optprobes for powerpc core
arch/powerpc : Enable optprobes support in powerpc
.../features/debug/optprobes/arch-support.txt | 2 +-
arch/powerpc/Kconfig | 1 +
arch/powerpc/include/asm/kprobes.h | 25 ++
arch/powerpc/kernel/Makefile | 1 +
arch/powerpc/kernel/optprobes.c | 463 +++++++++++++++++++++
arch/powerpc/kernel/optprobes_head.S | 104 +++++
6 files changed, 595 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/kernel/optprobes.c
create mode 100644 arch/powerpc/kernel/optprobes_head.S
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