[PATCH 00/20] powerpc: Convert power off logic to pm_power_off

Guenter Roeck linux at roeck-us.net
Thu Oct 2 12:36:00 EST 2014

On 10/01/2014 02:25 PM, Alexander Graf wrote:
> On 01.10.14 17:54, Guenter Roeck wrote:
>> On Wed, Oct 01, 2014 at 04:47:23PM +0200, Alexander Graf wrote:
>>> On 01.10.14 16:33, Geert Uytterhoeven wrote:
>>>> Hi Alex,
>>>> On Wed, Oct 1, 2014 at 3:27 PM, Alexander Graf <agraf at suse.de> wrote:
>>>>> The generic Linux framework to power off the machine is a function pointer
>>>>> called pm_power_off. The trick about this pointer is that device drivers can
>>>>> potentially implement it rather than board files.
>>>>> Today on PowerPC we set pm_power_off to invoke our generic full machine power
>>>>> off logic which then calls ppc_md.power_off to invoke machine specific power
>>>>> off.
>>>>> However, when we want to add a power off GPIO via the "gpio-poweroff" driver,
>>>>> this card house falls apart. That driver only registers itself if pm_power_off
>>>>> is NULL to ensure it doesn't override board specific logic. However, since we
>>>>> always set pm_power_off to the generic power off logic (which will just not
>>>>> power off the machine if no ppc_md.power_off call is implemented), we can't
>>>>> implement power off via the generic GPIO power off driver.
>>>>> To fix this up, let's get rid of the ppc_md.power_off logic and just always use
>>>>> pm_power_off as was intended. Then individual drivers such as the GPIO power off
>>>>> driver can implement power off logic via that function pointer.
>>>>> With this patch set applied and a few patches on top of QEMU that implement a
>>>>> power off GPIO on the virt e500 machine, I can successfully turn off my virtual
>>>>> machine after halt.
>>>> This is touching the same area as last night's
>>>> "[RFC PATCH 00/16] kernel: Add support for poweroff handler call chain"
>>>> https://lkml.org/lkml/2014/9/30/575
>>> I agree, and I think your patch set is walking into a reasonable
>>> direction. However, I really think it should convert all users of
>>> pm_power_off - at which point you'll probably get to the same conclusion
>>> that ppc_md.power_off is a bad idea :).
>> Yes, that would be the ultimate goal.
>>> So in a way, this patch set is semantically a prerequisite to the full
>>> conversion you'd probably like to do :).
>>> Also, in your cover letter you describe that some methods power off the
>>> CPU power while others power off the system power. How do you
>>> distinguish between them with a call chain? You probably won't get
>>> around to trigger the system power off callback after the CPU power off
>>> callback ran ;).
>> Those are examples. Don't get hung up on it. I may actually replace the
>> CPU example with something better in the next version; it is not really
>> a good example and may get people stuck on "why on earth would anyone want
>> or need a means to turn off the CPU power" instead of focusing on the problem
>> the patch set tries to solve.
>> The basic problem is that there can be different poweroff handlers,
>> some of which may not be available on some systems, and some may not
>> be as desirable as others for various reasons. The code registering
>> those poweroff handlers does not specify the poweroff method, but its
>> priority. It would be up to the programmer (hopefully together with
>> the board designer) to determine which method should have higher priority.
>> Taking the above example, the callback to turn off CPU power would presumably
>> be one of last resort, and have a very low priority.
>> A better example may actually be patch 15/16 of the series. The affected
>> driver (drivers/power/reset/restart-poweroff.c) does not really power off
>> the system, but restarts it instead. Obviously that would only be a poweroff
>> handler of last resort, which should only be executed if no other means
>> to power off the system is available.
> Sounds like a good plan :). You probably want to have some global list
> of priority numbers like "try this first" or "this is a non-optimal, but
> working method" and "only ever do this as last resort".
Yes, this is already in the patch set, similar to the restart handler.

> Maybe you could as a first step convert every user of pm_power_off to
> this new framework with a global notifier_block, similar to how
> pm_power_off is a global today? Then we can at least get rid of
> pm_power_off altogether and move to only notifiers, whereas new
> notifiers can come before or after the old machine set implementations.
> As a nice bonus this automatically converts every user of pm_power_off()
> to instead call the notifier chain.
Interesting idea, but I am not really sure if it would make much of
a difference. I would still have to implement that handler for each
platform. I might as well convert all users directly; at least this would
ensure that all users are converted.


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