[PATCH 00/20] powerpc: Convert power off logic to pm_power_off

Alexander Graf agraf at suse.de
Thu Oct 2 07:25:32 EST 2014

On 01.10.14 17:54, Guenter Roeck wrote:
> On Wed, Oct 01, 2014 at 04:47:23PM +0200, Alexander Graf wrote:
>> On 01.10.14 16:33, Geert Uytterhoeven wrote:
>>> Hi Alex,
>>> On Wed, Oct 1, 2014 at 3:27 PM, Alexander Graf <agraf at suse.de> wrote:
>>>> The generic Linux framework to power off the machine is a function pointer
>>>> called pm_power_off. The trick about this pointer is that device drivers can
>>>> potentially implement it rather than board files.
>>>> Today on PowerPC we set pm_power_off to invoke our generic full machine power
>>>> off logic which then calls ppc_md.power_off to invoke machine specific power
>>>> off.
>>>> However, when we want to add a power off GPIO via the "gpio-poweroff" driver,
>>>> this card house falls apart. That driver only registers itself if pm_power_off
>>>> is NULL to ensure it doesn't override board specific logic. However, since we
>>>> always set pm_power_off to the generic power off logic (which will just not
>>>> power off the machine if no ppc_md.power_off call is implemented), we can't
>>>> implement power off via the generic GPIO power off driver.
>>>> To fix this up, let's get rid of the ppc_md.power_off logic and just always use
>>>> pm_power_off as was intended. Then individual drivers such as the GPIO power off
>>>> driver can implement power off logic via that function pointer.
>>>> With this patch set applied and a few patches on top of QEMU that implement a
>>>> power off GPIO on the virt e500 machine, I can successfully turn off my virtual
>>>> machine after halt.
>>> This is touching the same area as last night's
>>> "[RFC PATCH 00/16] kernel: Add support for poweroff handler call chain"
>>> https://lkml.org/lkml/2014/9/30/575
>> I agree, and I think your patch set is walking into a reasonable
>> direction. However, I really think it should convert all users of
>> pm_power_off - at which point you'll probably get to the same conclusion
>> that ppc_md.power_off is a bad idea :).
> Yes, that would be the ultimate goal.
>> So in a way, this patch set is semantically a prerequisite to the full
>> conversion you'd probably like to do :).
>> Also, in your cover letter you describe that some methods power off the
>> CPU power while others power off the system power. How do you
>> distinguish between them with a call chain? You probably won't get
>> around to trigger the system power off callback after the CPU power off
>> callback ran ;).
> Those are examples. Don't get hung up on it. I may actually replace the
> CPU example with something better in the next version; it is not really
> a good example and may get people stuck on "why on earth would anyone want
> or need a means to turn off the CPU power" instead of focusing on the problem
> the patch set tries to solve.
> The basic problem is that there can be different poweroff handlers,
> some of which may not be available on some systems, and some may not
> be as desirable as others for various reasons. The code registering
> those poweroff handlers does not specify the poweroff method, but its 
> priority. It would be up to the programmer (hopefully together with
> the board designer) to determine which method should have higher priority.
> Taking the above example, the callback to turn off CPU power would presumably
> be one of last resort, and have a very low priority.
> A better example may actually be patch 15/16 of the series. The affected
> driver (drivers/power/reset/restart-poweroff.c) does not really power off
> the system, but restarts it instead. Obviously that would only be a poweroff
> handler of last resort, which should only be executed if no other means
> to power off the system is available.

Sounds like a good plan :). You probably want to have some global list
of priority numbers like "try this first" or "this is a non-optimal, but
working method" and "only ever do this as last resort".

Maybe you could as a first step convert every user of pm_power_off to
this new framework with a global notifier_block, similar to how
pm_power_off is a global today? Then we can at least get rid of
pm_power_off altogether and move to only notifiers, whereas new
notifiers can come before or after the old machine set implementations.

As a nice bonus this automatically converts every user of pm_power_off()
to instead call the notifier chain.


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