[PATCH v2] power, sched: stop updating inside arch_update_cpu_topology() when nothing to be update

Michael wang wangyun at linux.vnet.ibm.com
Tue Apr 8 13:19:36 EST 2014

Since v1:
	Edited the comment according to Srivatsa's suggestion.

During the testing, we encounter below WARN followed by Oops:

	WARNING: at kernel/sched/core.c:6218
	NIP [c000000000101660] .build_sched_domains+0x11d0/0x1200
	LR [c000000000101358] .build_sched_domains+0xec8/0x1200
	PACATMSCRATCH [800000000000f032]
	Call Trace:
	[c00000001b103850] [c000000000101358] .build_sched_domains+0xec8/0x1200
	[c00000001b1039a0] [c00000000010aad4] .partition_sched_domains+0x484/0x510
	[c00000001b103aa0] [c00000000016d0a8] .rebuild_sched_domains+0x68/0xa0
	[c00000001b103b30] [c00000000005cbf0] .topology_work_fn+0x10/0x30
	Oops: Kernel access of bad area, sig: 11 [#1]
	NIP [c00000000045c000] .__bitmap_weight+0x60/0xf0
	LR [c00000000010132c] .build_sched_domains+0xe9c/0x1200
	PACATMSCRATCH [8000000000029032]
	Call Trace:
	[c00000001b1037a0] [c000000000288ff4] .kmem_cache_alloc_node_trace+0x184/0x3a0
	[c00000001b103850] [c00000000010132c] .build_sched_domains+0xe9c/0x1200
	[c00000001b1039a0] [c00000000010aad4] .partition_sched_domains+0x484/0x510
	[c00000001b103aa0] [c00000000016d0a8] .rebuild_sched_domains+0x68/0xa0
	[c00000001b103b30] [c00000000005cbf0] .topology_work_fn+0x10/0x30

This was caused by that 'sd->groups == NULL' after building groups, which
was caused by the empty 'sd->span'.

The cpu's domain contained nothing because the cpu was assigned to a wrong
node, due to the following unfortunate sequence of events:

1. The hypervisor sent a topology update to the guest OS, to notify changes
   to the cpu-node mapping. However, the update was actually redundant - i.e.,
   the "new" mapping was exactly the same as the old one.

2. Due to this, the 'updated_cpus' mask turned out to be empty after exiting
   the 'for-loop' in arch_update_cpu_topology().

3. So we ended up calling stop-machine() with an empty cpumask list, which made
   stop-machine internally elect cpumask_first(cpu_online_mask), i.e., CPU0 as
   the cpu to run the payload (the update_cpu_topology() function).

4. This causes update_cpu_topology() to be run by CPU0. And since 'updates'
   is kzalloc()'ed inside arch_update_cpu_topology(), update_cpu_topology()
   finds update->cpu as well as update->new_nid to be 0. In other words, we
   end up assigning CPU0 (and eventually its siblings) to node 0, incorrectly.

Along with the following wrong updating, it causes the sched-domain rebuild
code to break and crash the system.

Fix this by skipping the topology update in cases where we find that
the topology has not actually changed in reality (ie., spurious updates).

CC: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh at kernel.crashing.org>
CC: Paul Mackerras <paulus at samba.org>
CC: Nathan Fontenot <nfont at linux.vnet.ibm.com>
CC: Stephen Rothwell <sfr at canb.auug.org.au>
CC: Andrew Morton <akpm at linux-foundation.org>
CC: Robert Jennings <rcj at linux.vnet.ibm.com>
CC: Jesse Larrew <jlarrew at linux.vnet.ibm.com>
CC: "Srivatsa S. Bhat" <srivatsa.bhat at linux.vnet.ibm.com>
CC: Alistair Popple <alistair at popple.id.au>
Suggested-by: "Srivatsa S. Bhat" <srivatsa.bhat at linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Michael Wang <wangyun at linux.vnet.ibm.com>
 arch/powerpc/mm/numa.c |   15 +++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 15 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/mm/numa.c b/arch/powerpc/mm/numa.c
index 30a42e2..4ebbb9e 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/mm/numa.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/mm/numa.c
@@ -1591,6 +1591,20 @@ int arch_update_cpu_topology(void)
 		cpu = cpu_last_thread_sibling(cpu);
+	/*
+	 * In cases where we have nothing to update (because the updates list
+	 * is too short or because the new topology is same as the old one),
+	 * skip invoking update_cpu_topology() via stop-machine(). This is
+	 * necessary (and not just a fast-path optimization) since stop-machine
+	 * can end up electing a random CPU to run update_cpu_topology(), and
+	 * thus trick us into setting up incorrect cpu-node mappings (since
+	 * 'updates' is kzalloc()'ed).
+	 *
+	 * And for the similar reason, we will skip all the following updating.
+	 */
+	if (!cpumask_weight(&updated_cpus))
+		goto out;
 	stop_machine(update_cpu_topology, &updates[0], &updated_cpus);
@@ -1612,6 +1626,7 @@ int arch_update_cpu_topology(void)
 		changed = 1;
 	return changed;

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