# [v5 2/2] pwm: Add Aspeed ast2600 PWM support

Billy Tsai billy_tsai at aspeedtech.com
Mon May 17 16:23:06 AEST 2021

```Hi,
﻿	On 2021/5/17, 2:06 PM,Uwe Kleine-Königwrote:

On Mon, May 17, 2021 at 02:53:44AM +0000, Billy Tsai wrote:
>	> ﻿On 2021/5/15, 11:57 PM,Uwe Kleine-Königwrote:
>	>
>	> 	>	> +	div_h = DIV_ROUND_DOWN_ULL(div_h,
>	> 	>	> +				   (FIELD_MAX(PWM_ASPEED_CTRL_CLK_DIV_L) + 1));
>	> 	>	> +	div_h = DIV_ROUND_DOWN_ULL(div_h, NSEC_PER_SEC);
>	>
>	> 	> As a division is an expensive operation you can better first multiply
>	> 	> NSEC_PER_SEC and FIELD_MAX(PWM_ASPEED_CTRL_CLK_DIV_L) + 1 and divide by
>	> 	> the result.
>	>
>	> When I multiply NSEC_PER_SEC and FIELD_MAX(PWM_ASPEED_CTRL_CLK_DIV_L) + 1 the result will overflow
>	> for 32-bits and the divisor type of do_div is 32-bits so I need to do div twice to avoid the issue.
>	> Can you give me some suggests?

> Hmm, you're right. There doesn't seem to be a div64_64, I thought there
> was one. Anyhow, while looking at the various divide functions I saw
> that dividing by a constant shouldn't be that expensive, so I think the
> sane way is to keep the two divisions and add a comment describing the
> problem.
According to our fixed value, I think that I can use bit shift to reduce one divide function:

rate = clk_get_rate(priv->clk);
/* Get the smallest value for div_h  */
div_h = rate * state->period;
div_h >>= (__fls(PWM_ASPEED_FIXED_PERIOD + 1) +
__fls(FIELD_MAX(PWM_ASPEED_CTRL_CLK_DIV_L) + 1));
div_h = DIV_ROUND_DOWN_ULL(div_h, NSEC_PER_SEC);

div_h = order_base_2(div_h);
if (div_h > 0xf)
div_h = 0xf;

div_l = rate * state->period;
div_l >>= (__fls(PWM_ASPEED_FIXED_PERIOD + 1) + div_h);
div_l = DIV_ROUND_DOWN_ULL(div_l, NSEC_PER_SEC);