[Skiboot] [PATCH v5 3/3] doc/bmc: Document SBE validation on P8 platforms

Samuel Mendoza-Jonas sam at mendozajonas.com
Tue May 7 12:01:53 AEST 2019

Signed-off-by: Samuel Mendoza-Jonas <sam at mendozajonas.com>
v4: Describe why we're rebooting now

 doc/bmc.rst | 27 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 27 insertions(+)

diff --git a/doc/bmc.rst b/doc/bmc.rst
index bbb390a7..46ae863e 100644
--- a/doc/bmc.rst
+++ b/doc/bmc.rst
@@ -53,3 +53,30 @@ Real-time clock
 On platforms where a real-time-clock is not available, skiboot may use the
 IPMI SEL Time as a real-time-clock device.
+SBE validation
+On some P8 platforms with an AMI or SMC BMC (ie. astbmc) SBE validation is done
+by a tool on the BMC. This is done to inspect the SBE and detect if a malicious
+host has written to the SBE, especially in multi-tenant
+"Bare-Metal-As-A-Service" scenarios.
+To complicate this the SBE validation occurs at host-runtime and reads the SBE
+SEEPROM over I2C using the FSI master which will conflict with anything the
+host may be doing at the same time. To avoid this Skiboot will pause boot until
+the validation is complete.
+If SBE validation is required the BMC will communicate this to Skiboot by
+setting an IPMI System Boot Option with OEM parameter 0x62. When this flag is
+set Skiboot will pause and wait for the validation to complete and the flag to
+be cleared. This ensures the validation completes before the execution is passed
+to Petitboot and the host operating system and any conflicts could occur. During
+this process Skiboot will print
+      SBE validation required, waiting for completion
+      System will be powered off if validation fails
+to the console with an update every minute until complete.
+Unfortunately the validation performed by the BMC leaves the SBE in a bad
+state. Once the validation is complete Skiboot will reboot to reset everything
+to a good state and normal booting can resume. No such reboot is required if
+the flag is not set and validation doesn't occur.

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