[PATCH v7 3/3] i2c: aspeed: Assert NAK when slave is busy

Quan Nguyen quan at os.amperecomputing.com
Thu Jun 16 17:16:14 AEST 2022

On 16/06/2022 03:32, Wolfram Sang wrote:
> Hi Quan,
>> When tested with ast2500, it is observed that there's always a
>> follow for all transactions.
> Yes, that's the design of the interface :)
>> In case slave is busy, the NAK will be asserted on the first occurrence of
>> I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_REQUESTED make host to stop the current transaction (host
>> later will retry with other transaction) until slave ready.
>> This behavior is expected as we want host to drop all transactions while
>> slave is busy on working on the response. That is why we choose to assert
>> NAK on the first I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_REQUESTED of the transaction instead of
>  From Documentation/i2c/slave-interface.rst:
> ===
> About ACK/NACK
> --------------
> It is good behaviour to always ACK the address phase, so the master knows if a
> device is basically present or if it mysteriously disappeared. Using NACK to
> state being busy is troublesome. SMBus demands to always ACK the address phase,
> while the I2C specification is more loose on that. Most I2C controllers also
> automatically ACK when detecting their slave addresses, so there is no option
> to NACK them. For those reasons, this API does not support NACK in the address
> phase.
> ===
> So, the proper design is to NACK on the first received byte. All EEPROMs
> do it this way when they are busy because of erasing a page.

Thanks Wolfram for the review.

On the first occurrence of I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_REQUESTED, the address is 
already received with ACK. So if slave return -EBUSY, the NAK will occur 
on the next Rx byte (on I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_RECEIVED event).

Tested this patch and capture using Saleae tool, it always shows ACK on 
the address and NAK on the first byte follow when slave return -EBUSY, 
ie: the byte follow the address, which is single part read command 
(0x03) in my case.

+ When slave return -EBUSY:
   S-> Aw(ACK)-> RxD(NAK)-> P
       0x10      0x03 (Singlepart read)

+ When slave ready:
   S-> Aw(ACK)-> RxD(ACK)-> Sr-> Ar-> TxD(ACK)-> ... -> TxD(NAK)-> P
       0x10      0x03                 0x07       ...    0xDE

Using the Logic 2 (with Saleae tool) to capture, we could see the log as 

write to 0x10 ack data: 0x03    <= when slave return -EBUSY
write to 0x10 ack data: 0x03    <= when slave return -EBUSY
write to 0x10 ack data: 0x03    <= when slave return -EBUSY
write to 0x10 ack data: 0x03    <= when slave return -EBUSY
write to 0x10 ack data: 0x03    <= when slave is ready
read to 0x10 ack data: 0x07 0xF4 0x1D 0x00 0x01 0x00 0x00 0x00 0xDE

- Quan

More information about the openbmc mailing list