[PATCH linux dev-4.13 v2 2/2] serial: npcm: add NPCM UART driver
Tomer Maimon
tmaimon77 at gmail.com
Mon Feb 5 06:54:54 AEDT 2018
On 2 February 2018 at 04:51, Joel Stanley <joel at jms.id.au> wrote:
> On Wed, Jan 24, 2018 at 1:46 AM, Tomer Maimon <tmaimon77 at gmail.com> wrote:
>> Add Nuvoton BMC NPCM UART driver.
>>
>> The NPCM7xx BMC contains four UART blocks and accessory logic.
>>
>> NPCM UART based on 8250 driver.
>
> Nice! Much less code to review and maintain than before :)
>
> I did some more digging, to see if we could add even less code. I'll
> sent a patch to the list, but I need to clarify the divisor
> calculation first.
>
Thanks!
>> +static int npcm_uart_set_baud_rate(struct uart_port *port,
>> + NPCM_UART_BAUDRATE_T baudrate)
>> +{
>> + struct uart_8250_port *up = up_to_u8250p(port);
>> + int divisor = 0;
>> + int ret = 0;
>> + unsigned long flags;
>> +
>> + divisor = ((int)port->uartclk / ((int)baudrate * 16)) - 2;
>
> The 8250 core uses this calculation:
>
> divisor = port->uartclk / (baudrate * 16).
>
> Checking the datasheet, this is the calculation that is documented for Poleg:
>
> divisor = port->uartclk / (baudrate * 16 + 2).
>
> If I change the calculation to this, the UART doesn't work (due to the
> precision of the integer division, there's no change from the 8250
> core code). If I subtract 2 from the number, as you do in your patch,
> it works!
>
> Can you explain what is happening here?
>
>> +
>> + /* since divisor is rounded down check
>> + * if it is better when rounded up
>> + */
>> + if (((int)port->uartclk / (16 * (divisor + 2)) - (int)baudrate) >
>> + ((int)baudrate -
>> + (int)port->uartclk / (16 * ((divisor + 1) + 2))))
>> + divisor++;
>
> This bit confused me when I tried to understand what it was checking.
> I couldn't find a mention of it in the datasheet either.
>
> Can you explain to me what it is trying to do? Do we need it?
hope i will explain it right...
we are calculating the nearest round up of the divisor according to
the distance from the real divisor (with point) to the value we get
from the round up and round down. (and it different from using
DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST)
for example:
If the baud rate is 230,400
the divisor is 4.510 (it means round up)
if we doing the calculation above:
(24Mhz/(16*(4+2))) - 230,400 = 19,600
230,400 - (24Mhz/(16*(4+3))) = 16,114
also in here we see round - up, but the distance from the second
(16,114) it better and the 4.510 not represent it correctly because 2
result we get are not that the same.
so maybe in clock rate of 24Mhz it will be fine but if we will modify
the clock rate the calculation could be wrong with a use of
DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST.
so we think it is better to use the calculation above and not round up.
Is it problematic to use it in the modify driver you sent?
>
> Cheers,
>
> Joel
Cheers,
Tomer
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