[PATCH] Document Linux's memory barriers

Andi Kleen ak at suse.de
Tue Mar 7 21:34:52 EST 2006

On Tuesday 07 March 2006 18:40, David Howells wrote:

> +Older and less complex CPUs will perform memory accesses in exactly the order
> +specified, so if one is given the following piece of code:
> +
> +	a = *A;
> +	*B = b;
> +	c = *C;
> +	d = *D;
> +	*E = e;
> +
> +It can be guaranteed that it will complete the memory access for each
> +instruction before moving on to the next line, leading to a definite sequence
> +of operations on the bus:

Actually gcc is free to reorder it 
(often it will not when it cannot prove that they don't alias, but sometimes
it can)

> +
> +     Consider, for example, an ethernet chipset such as the AMD PCnet32. It
> +     presents to the CPU an "address register" and a bunch of "data registers".
> +     The way it's accessed is to write the index of the internal register you
> +     want to access to the address register, and then read or write the
> +     appropriate data register to access the chip's internal register:
> +
> +	*ADR = ctl_reg_3;
> +	reg = *DATA;

You're not supposed to do it this way anyways. The official way to access
MMIO space is using read/write[bwlq]

Haven't read all of it sorry, but thanks for the work of documenting 


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