PPC440EPx GPIO control help

Jeff Mock jeff at mock.com
Wed Oct 17 16:21:13 EST 2007

David Hawkins wrote:
>> I have a PPC440EPx Sequoia Evaluation board that runs on Linux 2.6.21. 
>> What I would want to do is to control (write and read values to) its 
>> GPIO. Perhaps similar to Turbo C's outputb(0x378,0x01) to write and 
>> inportb(0x378) to read. I read the PPC440EPx manual but I find it 
>> difficult to understand.
>> Could anyone show me any tutorial or some sample codes?
> I copied the code below from some test code I wrote for a TS7300
> board (uses an ARM EP9302 processor). However, since its user-space
> code it should work fine.

I might be a little out of date, but I think you must write your own 
driver to wiggle the GPIO pins on a 440 processor.  I just finished a 
project using a 440GX with a 2.6.15 kernel (we froze the code about 8 
months ago).

The 440 powerPC core is a 32-bit processor with 36-bit physical 
addresses.  The physical address for the GPIO pins is someplace above 
4GB.  An mmap() of /dev/mem only lets you map the lower 4GB of the 
address space, as a result you can't write a user space program on the 
440 to wiggle the GPIO pins.  (This was true with 2.6.15, I can't speak 
for later kernels).

This tossed me into writing device drivers, which turned out to be not 
nearly as scary as I imagined.  The Linux Device Drivers book is fabulous:


Here is a driver for the 440GX that controls an LED on one of the GPIO 
pins you can use as an example.  The device /dev/pdev-led has a 
read/write interface so you can do something like this:

    # echo "1" > /dev/pdev-led      # turn on LED
    # echo "0" > /dev/pdev-led      # turn off LED

It also has a /proc interface so you can cat /proc/pdev-led to read the 
status of the LED.  There are several other drivers there that probably 
won't be interesting, but pdev-led.c is probably a good starting point:


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