8xx v2.6 TLB problems and suggested workaround

Marcelo Tosatti marcelo.tosatti at cyclades.com
Thu Apr 7 22:00:13 EST 2005

On Wed, Apr 06, 2005 at 11:24:46PM +0200, Joakim Tjernlund wrote:
> > On Tue, Apr 05, 2005 at 11:51:42PM +0200, Joakim Tjernlund wrote:
> > > Hi Marcelo
> > > 
> > > Reading your report it doesn't sound likely but I will ask anyway:
> > > Is it possible that the problem you are seeing isn't caused by the
> > > "famous" CPU bug mentioned here: 
> > > http://ozlabs.org/pipermail/linuxppc-embedded/2005-January/016351.html
> > > 
> > > The DTLB error handler needs DAR to be set correctly and since the
> > > dcbX instructions doesn't set DAR in either DTLB Miss nor DTLB Error you
> > > may end up trying to fix the wrong address.
> > 
> > Hi Joakim,
> > 
> > First of all, thanks your care!
> NP, I want to be able to run 8xx on 2.6 in the future.
> > 
> > Well, I dont think the above issue is exactly what we're hitting because
> > DAR is correctly updated on our case with "dcbst".
> Are you sure? Cant remeber all details but this looks a bit strange to me
> SPR  826 : 0x00001f00         7936
> is not 0x00001 supposed to be the physical page? 

SPR 826 contains the page attributes, not Physical Page Number (which is held 
by SPR 825).

> Also DSISR: C2000000 looks strange and "impossible". Are you sure this value
> is correct?  

As defined by the PEM, bit 1 indicates "data-store error exception", bit 2 

"Set if the translation of an attempted access is not found in the primary hash 
table entry group (HTEG), or in the rehashed secondary HTEG, or in the range of a 
DBAT register (page fault condition); otherwise cleared." 

And bit 6 indicates a store operation (shouldnt be set). 

> Don't understand why the "tlbie()" call  works around the problem. Can you
> explain that a bit more?

It must be because the TLB entry is now removed from the cache, which avoids 
dcbst from faulting as a store.

There must be some relation to the invalid present TLB entry and dcbst

I didnt check what happens with the TLB after tlbie(), I should do that.
But I suppose it gets wiped off? 

> > The problem is that it is treated as a write operation, but shouldnt.
> > 
> > Maybe it is related to dcbst's inability to set DAR?
> Could be, but even if it isn't you are in trouble when dcbX instr.
> generates DTLB Misses/Errors Sooner or later you will end up with
> strange SEGV or hangs.

Hangs due to the dcbX misbehaviour wrt DAR setting, you mean? (which your 
patch corrects).

Yep, that makes sense.

> > BTW, about the CPU15 bug fix, has there been any effort to port/merge 
> > it in v2.6 ?
> None that I know.

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