[PATCH v1 8/8] arm64: hugetlb: Fix set_huge_pte_at() to work with all swap entries

Ryan Roberts ryan.roberts at arm.com
Fri Sep 22 19:35:25 AEST 2023

On 22/09/2023 08:54, Qi Zheng wrote:
> Hi Ryan,
> On 2023/9/22 15:40, Ryan Roberts wrote:
>> On 22/09/2023 03:54, Qi Zheng wrote:
>>> Hi Ryan,
>>> On 2023/9/22 00:20, Ryan Roberts wrote:
>>>> When called with a swap entry that does not embed a PFN (e.g.
>>>> PTE_MARKER_POISONED or PTE_MARKER_UFFD_WP), the previous implementation
>>>> of set_huge_pte_at() would either cause a BUG() to fire (if
>>>> CONFIG_DEBUG_VM is enabled) or cause a dereference of an invalid address
>>>> and subsequent panic.
>>>> arm64's huge pte implementation supports multiple huge page sizes, some
>>>> of which are implemented in the page table with contiguous mappings. So
>>>> set_huge_pte_at() needs to work out how big the logical pte is, so that
>>>> it can also work out how many physical ptes (or pmds) need to be
>>>> written. It does this by grabbing the folio out of the pte and querying
>>>> its size.
>>>> However, there are cases when the pte being set is actually a swap
>>>> entry. But this also used to work fine, because for huge ptes, we only
>>>> ever saw migration entries and hwpoison entries. And both of these types
>>>> of swap entries have a PFN embedded, so the code would grab that and
>>>> everything still worked out.
>>>> But over time, more calls to set_huge_pte_at() have been added that set
>>>> swap entry types that do not embed a PFN. And this causes the code to go
>>>> bang. The triggering case is for the uffd poison test, commit
>>>> 99aa77215ad0 ("selftests/mm: add uffd unit test for UFFDIO_POISON"),
>>>> which sets a PTE_MARKER_POISONED swap entry. But review shows there are
>>>> other places too (PTE_MARKER_UFFD_WP).
>>>> So the root cause is due to commit 18f3962953e4 ("mm: hugetlb: kill
>>>> set_huge_swap_pte_at()"), which aimed to simplify the interface to the
>>>> core code by removing set_huge_swap_pte_at() (which took a page size
>>>> parameter) and replacing it with calls to set_huge_swap_pte_at() where
>>>> the size was inferred from the folio, as descibed above. While that
>>>> commit didn't break anything at the time,
>>> If it didn't break anything at that time, then shouldn't the Fixes tag
>>> be added to this commit?
>>>> it did break the interface
>>>> because it couldn't handle swap entries without PFNs. And since then new
>>>> callers have come along which rely on this working.
>>> So the Fixes tag should be added only to the commit that introduces the
>>> first new callers?
>> Well I guess it's a matter of point of view; My view is that 18f3962953e4 is the
>> buggy change because it broke the interface to not be able to handle swap
>> entries which do not contain PFNs. The fact that there were no callers that used
>> the interface in this way at the time of the commit is irrelevant in my view.
> I understand your point of view.
> But IIUC, the Fixes tag is used to indicate the version that needs to
> backport, but the version where the commit 18f3962953e4 is located
> does not need to backport this bugfix patch.
>> But I already added 2 fixes tags; one for the buggy commit, and the other for
>> the commit containing the new user of the interface.
> I think 2 fixes tags will cause inconvenience to the maintainers.

I did some Archaeology:

$ git rev-list --no-walk=sorted --pretty=oneline \
	05e90bd05eea33fc77d6b11e121e2da01fee379f \
	60dfaad65aa97fb6755b9798a6b3c9e79bcd5930 \
	8a13897fb0daa8f56821f263f0c63661e1c6acae \
	18f3962953e40401b7ed98e8524167282c3e626e \
	v6.5 v5.18 v5.17 v5.19 v6.5-rc6 v6.5-rc7

2dde18cd1d8fac735875f2e4987f11817cc0bc2c Linux 6.5
706a741595047797872e669b3101429ab8d378ef Linux 6.5-rc7
8a13897fb0daa8f56821f263f0c63661e1c6acae mm: userfaultfd: support UFFDIO_POISON for hugetlbfs
2ccdd1b13c591d306f0401d98dedc4bdcd02b421 Linux 6.5-rc6
3d7cb6b04c3f3115719235cc6866b10326de34cd Linux 5.19
18f3962953e40401b7ed98e8524167282c3e626e mm: hugetlb: kill set_huge_swap_pte_at()
4b0986a3613c92f4ec1bdc7f60ec66fea135991f Linux 5.18
05e90bd05eea33fc77d6b11e121e2da01fee379f mm/hugetlb: only drop uffd-wp special pte if required
60dfaad65aa97fb6755b9798a6b3c9e79bcd5930 mm/hugetlb: allow uffd wr-protect none ptes
f443e374ae131c168a065ea1748feac6b2e76613 Linux 5.17

So it turns out that the PTE_MARKER_UFFD_WP markers were added first, using 
set_huge_pte_at(). At the time, this should have used set_huge_swap_pte_at(), so 
was arguably buggy for that reason. However, arm64 does not support UFFD_WP so 
none of the call sites that set the PTE_MARKER_UFFD_WP marker to the pte ever 
trigger on arm64.

Then "mm: hugetlb: kill set_huge_swap_pte_at()" came along and "broke" the
interface, but there were no callers relying on the behavoir that was broken.

Then "mm: userfaultfd: support UFFDIO_POISON for hugetlbfs" came along in 
v6.5-rc7 and started relying on the broken behaviour of set_huge_pte_at().

So on that basis, I agree that the first commit where broken behaviour is 
observable is "mm: userfaultfd: support UFFDIO_POISON for hugetlbfs". So I will 
tag that one as "Fixes". (Although if set_huge_pte_at() was an exported symbol, 
then we would want to mark "mm: hugetlb: kill set_huge_swap_pte_at()").


> Thanks,
> Qi
>>> Other than that, LGTM.
>> Thanks!
>>> Thanks,
>>> Qi

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