[PATCH v13 04/35] KVM: WARN if there are dangling MMU invalidations at VM destruction

Sean Christopherson seanjc at google.com
Sat Oct 28 05:21:46 AEDT 2023

Add an assertion that there are no in-progress MMU invalidations when a
VM is being destroyed, with the exception of the scenario where KVM
unregisters its MMU notifier between an .invalidate_range_start() call and
the corresponding .invalidate_range_end().

KVM can't detect unpaired calls from the mmu_notifier due to the above
exception waiver, but the assertion can detect KVM bugs, e.g. such as the
bug that *almost* escaped initial guest_memfd development.

Link: https://lore.kernel.org/all/e397d30c-c6af-e68f-d18e-b4e3739c5389@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <seanjc at google.com>
 virt/kvm/kvm_main.c | 9 ++++++++-
 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
index 1a577a25de47..4dba682586ee 100644
--- a/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
+++ b/virt/kvm/kvm_main.c
@@ -1356,9 +1356,16 @@ static void kvm_destroy_vm(struct kvm *kvm)
 	 * No threads can be waiting in kvm_swap_active_memslots() as the
 	 * last reference on KVM has been dropped, but freeing
 	 * memslots would deadlock without this manual intervention.
+	 *
+	 * If the count isn't unbalanced, i.e. KVM did NOT unregister its MMU
+	 * notifier between a start() and end(), then there shouldn't be any
+	 * in-progress invalidations.
-	kvm->mn_active_invalidate_count = 0;
+	if (kvm->mn_active_invalidate_count)
+		kvm->mn_active_invalidate_count = 0;
+	else
+		WARN_ON(kvm->mmu_invalidate_in_progress);

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