[PATCH] powerpc: Fix data corruption on IPI

Timothy Pearson tpearson at raptorengineering.com
Tue Nov 14 19:00:27 AEDT 2023

>From 0b2678b7cdada1a3d9aec8626f31a988d81373fa Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Timothy Pearson <tpearson at raptorengineering.com>
Date: Mon, 13 Nov 2023 22:42:58 -0600
Subject: [PATCH] powerpc: Fix data corruption on IPI

On multithreaded SMP workloads such as those using io_uring, it is possible for
multiple threads to hold an inconsistent view of system memory when an IPI is
issued.  This in turn leads to userspace memory corruption with varying degrees
of probability based on workload and inter-thread timing.

io_uring provokes this bug by its use of TWA_SIGNAL during thread creation,
which is especially noticeable as significant userspace data corruption with
certain workloads such as MariaDB (bug MDEV-30728).  While using
TWA_SIGNAL_NO_IPI works around the corruption, no other architecture requires
this workaround.

Issue an lwsync barrier instruction prior to sending the IPI.  This ensures
the receiving CPU has a consistent view of system memory, in line with other

Tested under QEMU in kvm mode, running on a Talos II workstation with dual

Tested-by: Timothy Pearson <tpearson at raptorengineering.com>
Signed-off-by: Timothy Pearson <tpearson at raptorengineering.com>
 arch/powerpc/kernel/smp.c | 4 +++-
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/smp.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/smp.c
index ab691c89d787..ba42238de518 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/smp.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/smp.c
@@ -369,8 +369,10 @@ static inline void do_message_pass(int cpu, int msg)
 void arch_smp_send_reschedule(int cpu)
-	if (likely(smp_ops))
+	if (likely(smp_ops)) {
+		__smp_lwsync();
 		do_message_pass(cpu, PPC_MSG_RESCHEDULE);
+	}

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