[PATCH 05/12] powerpc: add pte_free_defer() for pgtables sharing page

Gerald Schaefer gerald.schaefer at linux.ibm.com
Thu Jun 1 23:57:51 AEST 2023

On Mon, 29 May 2023 07:36:40 -0700 (PDT)
Hugh Dickins <hughd at google.com> wrote:

> On Mon, 29 May 2023, Matthew Wilcox wrote:
> > On Sun, May 28, 2023 at 11:20:21PM -0700, Hugh Dickins wrote:  
> > > +void pte_free_defer(struct mm_struct *mm, pgtable_t pgtable)
> > > +{
> > > +	struct page *page;
> > > +
> > > +	page = virt_to_page(pgtable);
> > > +	call_rcu(&page->rcu_head, pte_free_now);
> > > +}  
> > 
> > This can't be safe (on ppc).  IIRC you might have up to 16x4k page
> > tables sharing one 64kB page.  So if you have two page tables from the
> > same page being defer-freed simultaneously, you'll reuse the rcu_head
> > and I cannot imagine things go well from that point.  
> Oh yes, of course, thanks for catching that so quickly.
> So my s390 and sparc implementations will be equally broken.
> > 
> > I have no idea how to solve this problem.  
> I do: I'll have to go back to the more complicated implementation we
> actually ran with on powerpc - I was thinking those complications just
> related to deposit/withdraw matters, forgetting the one-rcu_head issue.
> It uses large (0x10000) increments of the page refcount, avoiding
> call_rcu() when already active.
> It's not a complication I had wanted to explain or test for now,
> but we shall have to.  Should apply equally well to sparc, but s390
> more of a problem, since s390 already has its own refcount cleverness.

Yes, we have 2 pagetables in one 4K page, which could result in same
rcu_head reuse. It might be possible to use the cleverness from our
page_table_free() function, e.g. to only do the call_rcu() once, for
the case where both 2K pagetable fragments become unused, similar to
how we decide when to actually call __free_page().

However, it might be much worse, and page->rcu_head from a pagetable
page cannot be used at all for s390, because we also use page->lru
to keep our list of free 2K pagetable fragments. I always get confused
by struct page unions, so not completely sure, but it seems to me that
page->rcu_head would overlay with page->lru, right?

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