[RFC PATCH v11 08/29] KVM: Introduce per-page memory attributes

Paolo Bonzini pbonzini at redhat.com
Fri Jul 21 20:57:07 AEST 2023

On 7/19/23 01:44, Sean Christopherson wrote:
> From: Chao Peng <chao.p.peng at linux.intel.com>
> In confidential computing usages, whether a page is private or shared is
> necessary information for KVM to perform operations like page fault
> handling, page zapping etc. There are other potential use cases for
> per-page memory attributes, e.g. to make memory read-only (or no-exec,
> or exec-only, etc.) without having to modify memslots.
> Introduce two ioctls (advertised by KVM_CAP_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTES) to allow
> userspace to operate on the per-page memory attributes.
>    - KVM_SET_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTES to set the per-page memory attributes to
>      a guest memory range.
>    - KVM_GET_SUPPORTED_MEMORY_ATTRIBUTES to return the KVM supported
>      memory attributes.
> Use an xarray to store the per-page attributes internally, with a naive,
> not fully optimized implementation, i.e. prioritize correctness over
> performance for the initial implementation.
> Because setting memory attributes is roughly analogous to mprotect() on
> memory that is mapped into the guest, zap existing mappings prior to
> updating the memory attributes.  Opportunistically provide an arch hook
> for the post-set path (needed to complete invalidation anyways) in
> anticipation of x86 needing the hook to update metadata related to
> determining whether or not a given gfn can be backed with various sizes
> of hugepages.
> It's possible that future usages may not require an invalidation, e.g.
> if KVM ends up supporting RWX protections and userspace grants _more_
> protections, but again opt for simplicity and punt optimizations to
> if/when they are needed.
> Suggested-by: Sean Christopherson <seanjc at google.com>
> Link: https://lore.kernel.org/all/Y2WB48kD0J4VGynX@google.com
> Cc: Fuad Tabba <tabba at google.com>
> Signed-off-by: Chao Peng <chao.p.peng at linux.intel.com>
> Co-developed-by: Sean Christopherson <seanjc at google.com>
> Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <seanjc at google.com>

Reviewed-by: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini at redhat.com>

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