[RFC PATCH v11 01/29] KVM: Wrap kvm_gfn_range.pte in a per-action union

Xu Yilun yilun.xu at intel.com
Fri Jul 21 20:45:26 AEST 2023

On 2023-07-21 at 14:26:11 +0800, Yan Zhao wrote:
> On Tue, Jul 18, 2023 at 04:44:44PM -0700, Sean Christopherson wrote:
> May I know why KVM now needs to register to callback .change_pte()?

I can see the original purpose is to "setting a pte in the shadow page
table directly, instead of flushing the shadow page table entry and then
getting vmexit to set it"[1].

IIUC, KVM is expected to directly make the new pte present for new
pages in this callback, like for COW.

> As also commented in kvm_mmu_notifier_change_pte(), .change_pte() must be
> surrounded by .invalidate_range_{start,end}().
> While kvm_mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_start() has called kvm_unmap_gfn_range()
> to zap all leaf SPTEs, and page fault path will not install new SPTEs
> successfully before kvm_mmu_notifier_invalidate_range_end(),
> kvm_set_spte_gfn() should not be able to find any shadow present leaf entries to
> update PFN.

I also failed to figure out how the kvm_set_spte_gfn() could pass
several !is_shadow_present_pte(iter.old_spte) check then write the new

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/all/200909222039.n8MKd4TL002696@imap1.linux-foundation.org/


> Or could we just delete completely
> "kvm_handle_hva_range(mn, address, address + 1, pte, kvm_set_spte_gfn);"
> from kvm_mmu_notifier_change_pte() ?

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