Sean Christopherson seanjc at google.com
Wed Jul 19 09:44:50 AEST 2023

From: Chao Peng <chao.p.peng at linux.intel.com>

This new KVM exit allows userspace to handle memory-related errors. It
indicates an error happens in KVM at guest memory range [gpa, gpa+size).
The flags includes additional information for userspace to handle the
error. Currently bit 0 is defined as 'private memory' where '1'
indicates error happens due to private memory access and '0' indicates
error happens due to shared memory access.

When private memory is enabled, this new exit will be used for KVM to
exit to userspace for shared <-> private memory conversion in memory
encryption usage. In such usage, typically there are two kind of memory
  - explicit conversion: happens when guest explicitly calls into KVM
    to map a range (as private or shared), KVM then exits to userspace
    to perform the map/unmap operations.
  - implicit conversion: happens in KVM page fault handler where KVM
    exits to userspace for an implicit conversion when the page is in a
    different state than requested (private or shared).

Suggested-by: Sean Christopherson <seanjc at google.com>
Co-developed-by: Yu Zhang <yu.c.zhang at linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Yu Zhang <yu.c.zhang at linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Chao Peng <chao.p.peng at linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Fuad Tabba <tabba at google.com>
Tested-by: Fuad Tabba <tabba at google.com>
Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <seanjc at google.com>
 Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst | 22 ++++++++++++++++++++++
 include/uapi/linux/kvm.h       |  8 ++++++++
 2 files changed, 30 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst b/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst
index c0ddd3035462..34d4ce66e0c8 100644
--- a/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst
+++ b/Documentation/virt/kvm/api.rst
@@ -6700,6 +6700,28 @@ array field represents return values. The userspace should update the return
 values of SBI call before resuming the VCPU. For more details on RISC-V SBI
 spec refer, https://github.com/riscv/riscv-sbi-doc.
+		struct {
+			__u64 flags;
+			__u64 gpa;
+			__u64 size;
+		} memory;
+If exit reason is KVM_EXIT_MEMORY_FAULT then it indicates that the VCPU has
+encountered a memory error which is not handled by KVM kernel module and
+userspace may choose to handle it. The 'flags' field indicates the memory
+properties of the exit.
+ - KVM_MEMORY_EXIT_FLAG_PRIVATE - indicates the memory error is caused by
+   private memory access when the bit is set. Otherwise the memory error is
+   caused by shared memory access when the bit is clear.
+'gpa' and 'size' indicate the memory range the error occurs at. The userspace
+may handle the error and return to KVM to retry the previous memory access.
     /* KVM_EXIT_NOTIFY */
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h b/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
index 4d4b3de8ac55..6c6ed214b6ac 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/kvm.h
@@ -274,6 +274,7 @@ struct kvm_xen_exit {
 #define KVM_EXIT_RISCV_SBI        35
 #define KVM_EXIT_RISCV_CSR        36
 #define KVM_EXIT_NOTIFY           37
+#define KVM_EXIT_MEMORY_FAULT     38
 /* Emulate instruction failed. */
@@ -520,6 +521,13 @@ struct kvm_run {
 			__u32 flags;
 		} notify;
+		struct {
+			__u64 flags;
+			__u64 gpa;
+			__u64 size;
+		} memory;
 		/* Fix the size of the union. */
 		char padding[256];

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