[PATCH v6 01/13] powerpc/rtas: Avoid warning on invalid token argument to sys_rtas()

Nathan Lynch via B4 Relay devnull+nathanl.linux.ibm.com at kernel.org
Wed Dec 13 04:01:48 AEDT 2023

From: Nathan Lynch <nathanl at linux.ibm.com>

rtas_token_to_function() WARNs when passed an invalid token; it's
meant to catch bugs in kernel-based users of RTAS functions. However,
user space controls the token value passed to rtas_token_to_function()
by block_rtas_call(), so user space with sufficient privilege to use
sys_rtas() can trigger the warnings at will:

  unexpected failed lookup for token 2048
  WARNING: CPU: 20 PID: 2247 at arch/powerpc/kernel/rtas.c:556
  NIP rtas_token_to_function+0xfc/0x110
  LR  rtas_token_to_function+0xf8/0x110
  Call Trace:
    rtas_token_to_function+0xf8/0x110 (unreliable)

It's desirable to continue warning on bogus tokens in
rtas_token_to_function(). Currently it is used to look up RTAS
function descriptors when tracing, where we know there has to have
been a successful descriptor lookup by different means already, and it
would be a serious inconsistency for the reverse lookup to fail.

So instead of weakening rtas_token_to_function()'s contract by
removing the warnings, introduce rtas_token_to_function_untrusted(),
which has no opinion on failed lookups. Convert block_rtas_call() and
rtas_token_to_function() to use it.

Fixes: 8252b88294d2 ("powerpc/rtas: improve function information lookups")
Signed-off-by: Nathan Lynch <nathanl at linux.ibm.com>
 arch/powerpc/kernel/rtas.c | 19 +++++++++++++++++--
 1 file changed, 17 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/rtas.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/rtas.c
index c49f078382a9..ce37dc9860ef 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/rtas.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/rtas.c
@@ -544,6 +544,21 @@ static int __init rtas_token_to_function_xarray_init(void)
+ * For use by sys_rtas(), where the token value is provided by user
+ * space and we don't want to warn on failed lookups.
+ */
+static const struct rtas_function *rtas_token_to_function_untrusted(s32 token)
+	return xa_load(&rtas_token_to_function_xarray, token);
+ * Reverse lookup for deriving the function descriptor from a
+ * known-good token value in contexts where the former is not already
+ * available. @token must be valid, e.g. derived from the result of a
+ * prior lookup against the function table.
+ */
 static const struct rtas_function *rtas_token_to_function(s32 token)
 	const struct rtas_function *func;
@@ -551,7 +566,7 @@ static const struct rtas_function *rtas_token_to_function(s32 token)
 	if (WARN_ONCE(token < 0, "invalid token %d", token))
 		return NULL;
-	func = xa_load(&rtas_token_to_function_xarray, token);
+	func = rtas_token_to_function_untrusted(token);
 	if (WARN_ONCE(!func, "unexpected failed lookup for token %d", token))
 		return NULL;
@@ -1721,7 +1736,7 @@ static bool block_rtas_call(int token, int nargs,
 	 * If this token doesn't correspond to a function the kernel
 	 * understands, you're not allowed to call it.
-	func = rtas_token_to_function(token);
+	func = rtas_token_to_function_untrusted(token);
 	if (!func)
 		goto err;


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