[PATCH v7 5/8] KVM: x86/mmu: Don't pass FOLL_GET to __kvm_follow_pfn

Sean Christopherson seanjc at google.com
Sat Aug 5 08:45:34 AEST 2023

On Thu, Jul 06, 2023, David Stevens wrote:
> On Wed, Jul 5, 2023 at 7:17 PM Yu Zhang <yu.c.zhang at linux.intel.com> wrote:
> >
> > On Tue, Jul 04, 2023 at 04:50:50PM +0900, David Stevens wrote:
> > > From: David Stevens <stevensd at chromium.org>
> > >
> > > Stop passing FOLL_GET to __kvm_follow_pfn. This allows the host to map
> > > memory into the guest that is backed by un-refcounted struct pages - for
> > > example, higher order non-compound pages allocated by the amdgpu driver
> > > via ttm_pool_alloc_page.
> >
> > I guess you mean the tail pages of the higher order non-compound pages?
> > And as to the head page, it is said to be set to one coincidentally[*],
> > and shall not be considered as refcounted.  IIUC, refcount of this head
> > page will be increased and decreased soon in hva_to_pfn_remapped(), so
> > this may not be a problem(?). But treating this head page differently,
> > as a refcounted one(e.g., to set the A/D flags), is weired.
> >
> > Or maybe I missed some context, e.g., can the head page be allocted to
> > guest at all?
> Yes, this is to allow mapping the tail pages of higher order
> non-compound pages - I should have been more precise in my wording.
> The head pages can already be mapped into the guest.

Recording for posterity (or to make an incorrect statment and get corrected),
because I recently had a conversation about the head page not actually being
refcounted.  (I can't remember with whom I had the conversation, but I'm pretty
sure it wasn't an imaginary friend).

Even though whatever allocates the page doesn't explicit refcount the head page,
__free_pages() will still do the right thing and (a) keep the head page around
until its last reference is put.  And my understanding is that even though it's
a "head" page, it's not a PG_head page, i.e. not a compound page and so is treated
as an order-0 page when KVM invoke put_page().

void __free_pages(struct page *page, unsigned int order)
	/* get PageHead before we drop reference */
	int head = PageHead(page);

	if (put_page_testzero(page))  <=== will evaluate false if KVM holds a ref
		free_the_page(page, order);
	else if (!head)  <=== will be false for non-compound pages
		while (order-- > 0)
			free_the_page(page + (1 << order), order);

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