[PATCH v3] powerpc/64: Option to use ELFv2 ABI for big-endian kernels

Michael Ellerman mpe at ellerman.id.au
Wed May 5 22:07:29 AEST 2021

Michal Suchánek <msuchanek at suse.de> writes:
> On Mon, May 03, 2021 at 01:37:57PM +0200, Andreas Schwab wrote:
>> Should this add a tag to the module vermagic?
> Would the modues link even if the vermagic was not changed?

Most modules will require some symbols from the kernel, and those will
be dot symbols, which won't resolve.

But there are a few small modules that don't rely on any kernel symbols,
which can load.

> I suppose something like this might do it.

It would, but I feel like we should be handling this at the ELF level.
ie. we don't allow loading modules with a different ELF machine type, so
neither should we allow loading a module with the wrong ELF ABI.

And you can build the kernel without MODVERSIONS, so relying on
MODVERSIONS still leaves a small exposure (same kernel version
with/without ELFv2).

I don't see an existing hook that would do what we want. There's
elf_check_arch(), but that also applies to userspace binaries, which is
not what we want.

Maybe something like below.


diff --git a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/module.h b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/module.h
index 857d9ff24295..d0e9368982d8 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/include/asm/module.h
+++ b/arch/powerpc/include/asm/module.h
@@ -83,5 +83,28 @@ static inline int module_finalize_ftrace(struct module *mod, const Elf_Shdr *sec
+#ifdef CONFIG_PPC64
+static inline bool elf_check_module_arch(Elf_Ehdr *hdr)
+	unsigned long flags;
+	if (!elf_check_arch(hdr))
+		return false;
+	flags = hdr->e_flags & 0x3;
+	if (flags == 2)
+		return true;
+	if (flags < 2)
+		return true;
+	return false;
+#define elf_check_module_arch elf_check_module_arch
+#endif /* CONFIG_PPC64 */
 #endif /* __KERNEL__ */
 #endif	/* _ASM_POWERPC_MODULE_H */
diff --git a/include/linux/moduleloader.h b/include/linux/moduleloader.h
index 9e09d11ffe5b..fdc042a84562 100644
--- a/include/linux/moduleloader.h
+++ b/include/linux/moduleloader.h
@@ -13,6 +13,11 @@
  * must be implemented by each architecture.
+// Allow arch to optionally do additional checking of module ELF header
+#ifndef elf_check_module_arch
+#define elf_check_module_arch elf_check_arch
 /* Adjust arch-specific sections.  Return 0 on success.  */
 int module_frob_arch_sections(Elf_Ehdr *hdr,
 			      Elf_Shdr *sechdrs,
diff --git a/kernel/module.c b/kernel/module.c
index b5dd92e35b02..c71889107226 100644
--- a/kernel/module.c
+++ b/kernel/module.c
@@ -2941,7 +2941,7 @@ static int elf_validity_check(struct load_info *info)
 	if (memcmp(info->hdr->e_ident, ELFMAG, SELFMAG) != 0
 	    || info->hdr->e_type != ET_REL
-	    || !elf_check_arch(info->hdr)
+	    || !elf_check_module_arch(info->hdr)
 	    || info->hdr->e_shentsize != sizeof(Elf_Shdr))
 		return -ENOEXEC;

More information about the Linuxppc-dev mailing list