[PATCH 1/2] powerpc/tm: fix live state of vs0/32 in tm_reclaim

Cyril Bur cyrilbur at gmail.com
Tue Jul 4 10:37:29 AEST 2017

On Fri, 2017-06-30 at 13:41 -0300, Breno Leitao wrote:
> Thanks Gustavo for the patch.
> On Thu, Jun 29, 2017 at 08:39:23PM -0400, Gustavo Romero wrote:
> > Currently tm_reclaim() can return with a corrupted vs0 (fp0) or vs32 (v0)
> > due to the fact vs0 is used to save FPSCR and vs32 is used to save VSCR.
> > 
> > Later, we recheckpoint trusting that the live state of FP and VEC are ok
> > depending on the MSR.FP and MSR.VEC bits, i.e. if MSR.FP is enabled that
> > means the FP registers checkpointed before entering are correct and so
> > after a treclaim. we can trust the FP live state, and similarly on VEC regs.
> > However if tm_reclaim() does not return a sane state then tm_recheckpoint()
> > will recheckpoint a corrupted instate back to the checkpoint area.
> > 
> > That commit fixes the corruption by restoring vs0 and vs32 from the
> > ckfp_state and ckvr_state after they are used to save FPSCR and VSCR,
> > respectively.
> > 
> > The effect of the issue described above is observed, for instance, once a
> > VSX unavailable exception is caught in the middle of a transaction with
> > MSR.FP = 1 or MSR.VEC = 1. If MSR.FP = 1, then after getting back to user
> > space FP state is corrupted. If MSR.VEC = 1, then VEC state is corrupted.
> > 
> > The issue does occur if MSR.FP = 0 and MSR.VEC = 0 because ckfp_state and
> > ckvr_state are both copied from fp_state and vr_state, respectively, and
> > on recheckpointing both states will be restored from these thread
> > structures and not from the live state.
> Just complementing what Gustavo said, currently the tm_recheckpoint()
> function grabs the values to be re-checkpoint from two places, depending
> on the MSR configuration.
> If VEC or FP are disabled on MSR argument when tm_recheckpoint() is
> called, then it restorese the values from the thread ckvr/ckfp area and
> recheckpoint these values into processor transactional area.
> On the other side, if VEC or FP are disabled, it does not restore the
> vectors and fp registers from the thread ckvec/ckfp area, and it will
> recheckpoint what is currently on the live registers. If the registers
> changed after the reclaim, we will send these new values recheckpointed,
> and later on userspace when the transaction fails.
> This second scenario is what is causing the error reported on this
> email thread. In fact, I am wondering if we can hit another hidden bug that
> changes the fp and vec values between the tm_reclaim() and
> tm_recheckpoint() invokations, as for example, an interrupt that calls
> memcpy() in this small mean time.
> That said, I am wondering if we shouldn't always rely on thread ckfp and
> ckvec during tm_recheckpoint() (and never rely on the live registers). This
> should simplify the reclaim/recheckpoint mechanism, and make it less
> error prone.

I think you're absolutely correct - its a mess. Personally I think that
the assembly functions should do the bare minimum. So the two cases
that you describe which are handled in assembly could easily be handled
in C either before the call to the assembly or after.


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