[RFC PATCH] memory-hotplug: Use dev_online for memhp_auto_offline

Michal Hocko mhocko at kernel.org
Sat Feb 25 03:23:17 AEDT 2017

On Fri 24-02-17 17:09:13, Vitaly Kuznetsov wrote:
> Michal Hocko <mhocko at kernel.org> writes:
> > On Fri 24-02-17 16:05:18, Vitaly Kuznetsov wrote:
> >> Michal Hocko <mhocko at kernel.org> writes:
> >> 
> >> > On Fri 24-02-17 15:10:29, Vitaly Kuznetsov wrote:
> > [...]
> >> >> Just did a quick (and probably dirty) test, increasing guest memory from
> >> >> 4G to 8G (32 x 128mb blocks) require 68Mb of memory, so it's roughly 2Mb
> >> >> per block. It's really easy to trigger OOM for small guests.
> >> >
> >> > So we need ~1.5% of the added memory. That doesn't sound like something
> >> > to trigger OOM killer too easily. Assuming that increase is not way too
> >> > large. Going from 256M (your earlier example) to 8G looks will eat half
> >> > the memory which is still quite far away from the OOM.
> >> 
> >> And if the kernel itself takes 128Mb of ram (which is not something
> >> extraordinary with many CPUs) we have zero left. Go to something bigger
> >> than 8G and you die.
> >
> > Again, if you have 128M and jump to 8G then your memory balancing is
> > most probably broken.
> >
> I don't understand what balancing you're talking about.

balancing = dynamic memory resizing depending on the demand both
internal (inside guest) and outside (on the host to balance memory
between different guests).

> I have a small
> guest and I want to add more memory to it and the result is ... OOM. Not
> something I expected.

Which is not all that unexpected if you use a technology which has to
allocated in order to add more memory.

> >> > I would call such
> >> > an increase a bad memory balancing, though, to be honest. A more
> >> > reasonable memory balancing would go and double the available memory
> >> > IMHO. Anway, I still think that hotplug is a terrible way to do memory
> >> > ballooning.
> >> 
> >> That's what we have in *all* modern hypervisors. And I don't see why
> >> it's bad.
> >
> > Go and re-read the original thread. Dave has given many good arguments.
> >
> Are we discussing taking away the memory hotplug feature from all
> hypervisors here?

No. I just consider it a bad idea because it has many problems and will
never be 100% reliable.

> >> I don't understand why CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG_DEFAULT_ONLINE is
> >
> > Because this is something a user has to think about and doesn't have a
> > reasonable way to decide. Our config space is also way too large!
> Config space is for distros, not users.

Maybe you haven't noticed but there are people compiling their kernels
as well. But even distros are not really in a great position to answer
this question because it depends on the specific usecase.

> >> disturbing and why do we need to take this choice away from distros. I
> >> don't understand what we're gaining by replacing it with
> >> per-memory-add-technology defaults.
> >
> > Because those technologies know that they want to have the memory online
> > as soon as possible. Jeez, just look at the hv code. It waits for the
> > userspace to online memory before going further. Why would it ever want
> > to have the tunable in "offline" state? This just doesn't make any
> > sense. Look at how things get simplified if we get rid of this clutter
> While this will most probably work for me I still disagree with the
> concept of 'one size fits all' here and the default 'false' for ACPI,
> we're taking away the feature from KVM/Vmware folks so they'll again
> come up with the udev rule which has known issues.

Well, AFAIU acpi_memory_device_add is a standard way how to announce
physical memory added to the system. Where does the KVM/VMware depend on
this to do memory ballooning?
Michal Hocko

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