[RFC PATCH] mm/init: fix zone boundary creation

oliver oohall at gmail.com
Mon May 30 23:18:03 AEST 2016

On Mon, May 30, 2016 at 7:15 PM, Mel Gorman <mgorman at techsingularity.net> wrote:
> On Thu, May 26, 2016 at 02:21:42PM -0700, Andrew Morton wrote:
>> On Thu,  5 May 2016 17:57:13 +1000 "Oliver O'Halloran" <oohall at gmail.com> wrote:
>> > As a part of memory initialisation the architecture passes an array to
>> > free_area_init_nodes() which specifies the max PFN of each memory zone.
>> > This array is not necessarily monotonic (due to unused zones) so this
>> > array is parsed to build monotonic lists of the min and max PFN for
>> > each zone. ZONE_MOVABLE is special cased here as its limits are managed by
>> > the mm subsystem rather than the architecture. Unfortunately, this special
>> > casing is broken when ZONE_MOVABLE is the not the last zone in the zone
>> > list. The core of the issue is:
>> >
>> >     if (i == ZONE_MOVABLE)
>> >             continue;
>> >     arch_zone_lowest_possible_pfn[i] =
>> >             arch_zone_highest_possible_pfn[i-1];
>> >
>> > As ZONE_MOVABLE is skipped the lowest_possible_pfn of the next zone
>> > will be set to zero. This patch fixes this bug by adding explicitly
>> > tracking where the next zone should start rather than relying on the
>> > contents arch_zone_highest_possible_pfn[].
>> hm, this is all ten year old Mel code.
> ZONE_MOVABLE at the time always existed at the end of a node during
> initialisation time. It was allowed because the memory was always "stolen"
> from the end of the node where it could have the same limitations as
> ZONE_HIGHMEM if necessary. It was also safe to assume that zones never
> overlapped as zones were about addressing limitations. If ZONE_CMA or
> ZONE_DEVICE can overlap with other zones during initialisation time then
> there may be a few gremlins hiding in there. Unfortunately I have not
> done an audit searching for problems with overlapping zones.

I think it's still reasonable to assume there is no overlap in early init. The
interface to free_area_init_nodes() ensures that zones are disjoint and as far
as I can tell the only way to get an overlapping zone at that point is to hit
the bug this patch fixes. ZONE_CMA is only populated when core_initcall()s are
processed and ZONE_DEVICE is hotplugged by drivers so it should appear even

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