[PATCH v2 0/11] mm: Hardened usercopy

Kees Cook keescook at chromium.org
Thu Jul 14 07:55:53 AEST 2016


This is a start of the mainline port of PAX_USERCOPY[1]. After I started
writing tests (now in lkdtm in -next) for Casey's earlier port[2], I
kept tweaking things further and further until I ended up with a whole
new patch series. To that end, I took Rik's feedback and made a number
of other changes and clean-ups as well.

Based on my understanding, PAX_USERCOPY was designed to catch a
few classes of flaws (mainly bad bounds checking) around the use of
copy_to_user()/copy_from_user(). These changes don't touch get_user() and
put_user(), since these operate on constant sized lengths, and tend to be
much less vulnerable. There are effectively three distinct protections in
the whole series, each of which I've given a separate CONFIG, though this
patch set is only the first of the three intended protections. (Generally
speaking, PAX_USERCOPY covers what I'm calling CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY

This series, which adds CONFIG_HARDENED_USERCOPY, checks that objects
being copied to/from userspace meet certain criteria:
- if address is a heap object, the size must not exceed the object's
  allocated size. (This will catch all kinds of heap overflow flaws.)
- if address range is in the current process stack, it must be within the
  current stack frame (if such checking is possible) or at least entirely
  within the current process's stack. (This could catch large lengths that
  would have extended beyond the current process stack, or overflows if
  their length extends back into the original stack.)
- if the address range is part of kernel data, rodata, or bss, allow it.
- if address range is page-allocated, that it doesn't span multiple
- if address is within the kernel text, reject it.
- everything else is accepted

The patches in the series are:
- Support for arch-specific stack frame checking:
	1- mm: Implement stack frame object validation
- The core copy_to/from_user() checks, without the slab object checks:
        2- mm: Hardened usercopy
- Per-arch enablement of the protection:
        3- x86/uaccess: Enable hardened usercopy
        4- ARM: uaccess: Enable hardened usercopy
        5- arm64/uaccess: Enable hardened usercopy
        6- ia64/uaccess: Enable hardened usercopy
        7- powerpc/uaccess: Enable hardened usercopy
        8- sparc/uaccess: Enable hardened usercopy
        9- s390/uaccess: Enable hardened usercopy
- The heap allocator implementation of object size checking:
       10- mm: SLAB hardened usercopy support
       11- mm: SLUB hardened usercopy support

Some notes:

- This is expected to apply on top of -next which contains fixes for the
  position of _etext on both arm and arm64.

- I couldn't detect a measurable performance change with these features
  enabled. Kernel build times were unchanged, hackbench was unchanged,
  etc. I think we could flip this to "on by default" at some point, but
  for now, I'm leaving it off until I can get some more definitive

- The SLOB support extracted from grsecurity seems entirely broken. I
  have no idea what's going on there, I spent my time testing SLAB and
  SLUB. Having someone else look at SLOB would be nice, but this series
  doesn't depend on it.

Additional features that would be nice, but aren't blocking this series:

- Needs more architecture support for stack frame checking (only x86 now).



[1] https://grsecurity.net/download.php "grsecurity - test kernel patch"
[2] http://www.openwall.com/lists/kernel-hardening/2016/05/19/5

- added s390 support
- handle slub red zone
- disallow writes to rodata area
- stack frame walker now CONFIG-controlled arch-specific helper

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