[PATCH v5] cpuidle: Fix last_residency division

Shreyas B. Prabhu shreyas at linux.vnet.ibm.com
Sat Jul 2 00:24:14 AEST 2016

Snooze is a poll idle state in powernv and pseries platforms. Snooze
has a timeout so that if a cpu stays in snooze for more than target
residency of the next available idle state, then it would exit thereby
giving chance to the cpuidle governor to re-evaluate and
promote the cpu to a deeper idle state. Therefore whenever snooze exits
due to this timeout, its last_residency will be target_residency of next
deeper state.

commit e93e59ce5b85 ("cpuidle: Replace ktime_get() with local_clock()")
changed the math around last_residency calculation. Specifically, while
converting last_residency value from nanoseconds to microseconds it does
right shift by 10. Due to this, in snooze timeout exit scenarios
last_residency calculated is roughly 2.3% less than target_residency of
next available state. This pattern is picked up get_typical_interval()
in the menu governor and therefore expected_interval in menu_select() is
frequently less than the target_residency of any state but snooze.

Due to this we are entering snooze at a higher rate, thereby affecting
the single thread performance.

Fix this by using precise division via ktime_us_delta.

Reported-by: Anton Blanchard <anton at samba.org>
Bisected-by: Shilpasri G Bhat <shilpa.bhat at linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Shreyas B. Prabhu <shreyas at linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Changes in v5
 - Replacing approximation division with ktime_us_delta.

Changes in v4
 - Increasing the threshold upto which approximation can be used.
 - Removed explicit cast. Instead added a comment saying why cast
   is safe.

Changes in v3
 - Using approximation suggested by David

Changes in v2
 - Fixing it in the cpuidle core code instead of driver code.

 drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c | 12 ++++--------
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c
index a4d0059..c73207a 100644
--- a/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c
+++ b/drivers/cpuidle/cpuidle.c
@@ -173,7 +173,7 @@ int cpuidle_enter_state(struct cpuidle_device *dev, struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
 	struct cpuidle_state *target_state = &drv->states[index];
 	bool broadcast = !!(target_state->flags & CPUIDLE_FLAG_TIMER_STOP);
-	u64 time_start, time_end;
+	ktime_t time_start, time_end;
 	s64 diff;
@@ -195,13 +195,13 @@ int cpuidle_enter_state(struct cpuidle_device *dev, struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
 	trace_cpu_idle_rcuidle(index, dev->cpu);
-	time_start = local_clock();
+	time_start = ns_to_ktime(local_clock());
 	entered_state = target_state->enter(dev, drv, index);
-	time_end = local_clock();
+	time_end = ns_to_ktime(local_clock());
 	trace_cpu_idle_rcuidle(PWR_EVENT_EXIT, dev->cpu);
 	/* The cpu is no longer idle or about to enter idle. */
@@ -217,11 +217,7 @@ int cpuidle_enter_state(struct cpuidle_device *dev, struct cpuidle_driver *drv,
 	if (!cpuidle_state_is_coupled(drv, index))
-	/*
-	 * local_clock() returns the time in nanosecond, let's shift
-	 * by 10 (divide by 1024) to have microsecond based time.
-	 */
-	diff = (time_end - time_start) >> 10;
+	diff = ktime_us_delta(time_end, time_start);
 	if (diff > INT_MAX)
 		diff = INT_MAX;

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