[PATCH v3 0/3] Account reserved memory when allocating system hash

Srikar Dronamraju srikar at linux.vnet.ibm.com
Mon Aug 29 23:06:47 AEST 2016

Fadump kernel reserves large chunks of memory even before the pages are
initialised. This could mean memory that corresponds to several nodes might
fall in memblock reserved regions.

Kernels compiled with CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT will initialise
only certain size memory per node. The certain size takes into account
the dentry and inode cache sizes. However such a kernel when booting a
secondary kernel will not be able to allocate the required amount of
memory to suffice for the dentry and inode caches. This results in
crashes like the below on large systems such as 32 TB systems.

Dentry cache hash table entries: 536870912 (order: 16, 4294967296 bytes)
vmalloc: allocation failure, allocated 4097114112 of 17179934720 bytes
swapper/0: page allocation failure: order:0, mode:0x2080020(GFP_ATOMIC)
CPU: 0 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/0 Not tainted 4.6-master+ #3
Call Trace:
[c00000000108fb10] [c0000000007fac88] dump_stack+0xb0/0xf0 (unreliable)
[c00000000108fb50] [c000000000235264] warn_alloc_failed+0x114/0x160
[c00000000108fbf0] [c000000000281484] __vmalloc_node_range+0x304/0x340
[c00000000108fca0] [c00000000028152c] __vmalloc+0x6c/0x90
[c00000000108fd40] [c000000000aecfb0]
[c00000000108fe00] [c000000000af7240] inode_init+0x94/0xe4
[c00000000108fe80] [c000000000af6fec] vfs_caches_init+0x8c/0x13c
[c00000000108ff00] [c000000000ac4014] start_kernel+0x50c/0x578
[c00000000108ff90] [c000000000008c6c] start_here_common+0x20/0xa8

This patchset solves this problem by accounting the size of reserved memory
when calculating the size of large system hashes.

While this patchset applies on v4.8-rc3, it cannot be tested on v4.8-rc3
because of http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20160829093844.GA2592@linux.vnet.ibm.com
However it has been tested on v4.7/v4.6 and v4.4

v2: http://lkml.kernel.org/r/1470330729-6273-1-git-send-email-srikar@linux.vnet.ibm.com 

Cc: linux-mm at kvack.org
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman at techsingularity.net>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka at suse.cz>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko at kernel.org>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm at linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe at ellerman.id.au>
Cc: linuxppc-dev at lists.ozlabs.org
Cc: Mahesh Salgaonkar <mahesh at linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Hari Bathini <hbathini at linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen at intel.com>
Cc: Balbir Singh <bsingharora at gmail.com>
Cc: Srikar Dronamraju <srikar at linux.vnet.ibm.com>

Srikar Dronamraju (3):
  mm: Introduce arch_reserved_kernel_pages()
  mm/memblock: Expose total reserved memory
  powerpc: Implement arch_reserved_kernel_pages

 arch/powerpc/include/asm/mmzone.h |  3 +++
 arch/powerpc/kernel/fadump.c      |  5 +++++
 include/linux/memblock.h          |  1 +
 include/linux/mm.h                |  3 +++
 mm/memblock.c                     |  5 +++++
 mm/page_alloc.c                   | 12 ++++++++++++
 6 files changed, 29 insertions(+)


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