[PATCH v2 0/6] kexec_file: Add buffer hand-over for the next kernel

Thiago Jung Bauermann bauerman at linux.vnet.ibm.com
Sat Aug 13 13:18:19 AEST 2016


This patch series implements a mechanism which allows the kernel to pass
on a buffer to the kernel that will be kexec'd. This buffer is passed
as a segment which is added to the kimage when it is being prepared
by kexec_file_load.

How the second kernel is informed of this buffer is architecture-specific.
On powerpc, this is done via the device tree, by checking
the properties /chosen/linux,kexec-handover-buffer-start and
/chosen/linux,kexec-handover-buffer-end, which is analogous to how the
kernel finds the initrd.

This is needed because the Integrity Measurement Architecture subsystem
needs to preserve its measurement list accross the kexec reboot. The
following patch series for the IMA subsystem uses this feature for that


This is so that IMA can implement trusted boot support on the OpenPower
platform, because on such systems an intermediary Linux instance running
as part of the firmware is used to boot the target operating system via
kexec. Using this mechanism, IMA on this intermediary instance can
hand over to the target OS the measurements of the components that were
used to boot it.

Because there could be additional measurement events between the
kexec_file_load call and the actual reboot, IMA needs a way to update the
buffer with those additional events before rebooting. One can minimize
the interval between the kexec_file_load and the reboot syscalls, but as
small as it can be, there is always the possibility that the measurement
list will be out of date at the time of reboot.

To address this issue, this patch series also introduces
kexec_update_segment, which allows a reboot notifier to change the
contents of the image segment during the reboot process.

Patch 5 makes kimage_load_normal_segment and kexec_update_segment share
code. It's not much code that they can share though, so I'm not sure if
the result is actually better.

The last patch is not intended to be merged, it just demonstrates how
this feature can be used.

This series applies on top of v5 of the "kexec_file_load implementation
for PowerPC" patch series (which applies on top of v4.8-rc1):


Changes for v2:
- Rebased on v5 of kexec_file_load implementation for PowerPC patch series.
- Patch "kexec_file: Add buffer hand-over support for the next kernel"
  - Changed kexec_add_handover_buffer to receive a struct kexec_buf, as
    suggested by Dave Young.
- Patch "powerpc: kexec_file: Add buffer hand-over support for the next kernel"
  - Moved setup_handover_buffer from kexec_elf_64.c to machine_kexec_64.c.
  - Call setup_handover_buffer from setup_new_fdt instead of elf64_load.
  - Changed kexec_get_handover_buffer to read from the expanded device tree
    instead of the flattened device tree.
- Patch "kexec_file: Add mechanism to update kexec segments.":
  - Removed unnecessary "#include <linux/highmem.h>" in kexec_file.c.
  - Round up memsz argument to PAGE_SIZE.
  - Check if kexec_image is NULL in kexec_update_segment.
- Patch "IMA: Demonstration code for kexec buffer passing."
  - Avoid registering reboot notifier again if kexec_file_load is called
    more than once.

Thiago Jung Bauermann (6):
  kexec_file: Add buffer hand-over support for the next kernel
  powerpc: kexec_file: Add buffer hand-over support for the next kernel
  kexec_file: Allow skipping checksum calculation for some segments.
  kexec_file: Add mechanism to update kexec segments.
  kexec: Share logic to copy segment page contents.
  IMA: Demonstration code for kexec buffer passing.

 arch/powerpc/include/asm/kexec.h       |  12 +-
 arch/powerpc/kernel/kexec_elf_64.c     |   8 +-
 arch/powerpc/kernel/machine_kexec_64.c | 114 ++++++++++++++++-
 arch/x86/kernel/crash.c                |   4 +-
 arch/x86/kernel/kexec-bzimage64.c      |   6 +-
 include/linux/ima.h                    |  11 ++
 include/linux/kexec.h                  |  37 +++++-
 kernel/kexec_core.c                    | 216 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++-------
 kernel/kexec_file.c                    |  91 ++++++++++++--
 security/integrity/ima/ima.h           |   5 +
 security/integrity/ima/ima_init.c      |  26 ++++
 security/integrity/ima/ima_template.c  |  85 +++++++++++++
 12 files changed, 546 insertions(+), 69 deletions(-)


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