[PATCH kernel v9 31/32] vfio: powerpc/spapr: Support multiple groups in one container if possible

Alexey Kardashevskiy aik at ozlabs.ru
Fri May 1 16:05:24 AEST 2015

On 05/01/2015 02:33 PM, David Gibson wrote:
> On Thu, Apr 30, 2015 at 07:33:09PM +1000, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
>> On 04/30/2015 05:22 PM, David Gibson wrote:
>>> On Sat, Apr 25, 2015 at 10:14:55PM +1000, Alexey Kardashevskiy wrote:
>>>> At the moment only one group per container is supported.
>>>> POWER8 CPUs have more flexible design and allows naving 2 TCE tables per
>>>> IOMMU group so we can relax this limitation and support multiple groups
>>>> per container.
>>> It's not obvious why allowing multiple TCE tables per PE has any
>>> pearing on allowing multiple groups per container.
>> This patchset is a global TCE tables rework (patches 1..30, roughly) with 2
>> outcomes:
>> 1. reusing the same IOMMU table for multiple groups - patch 31;
>> 2. allowing dynamic create/remove of IOMMU tables - patch 32.
>> I can remove this one from the patchset and post it separately later but
>> since 1..30 aim to support both 1) and 2), I'd think I better keep them all
>> together (might explain some of changes I do in 1..30).
> The combined patchset is fine.  My comment is because your commit
> message says that multiple groups are possible *because* 2 TCE tables
> per group are allowed, and it's not at all clear why one follows from
> the other.

Ah. That's wrong indeed, I'll fix it.

>>>> This adds TCE table descriptors to a container and uses iommu_table_group_ops
>>>> to create/set DMA windows on IOMMU groups so the same TCE tables will be
>>>> shared between several IOMMU groups.
>>>> Signed-off-by: Alexey Kardashevskiy <aik at ozlabs.ru>
>>>> [aw: for the vfio related changes]
>>>> Acked-by: Alex Williamson <alex.williamson at redhat.com>
>>>> ---
>>>> Changes:
>>>> v7:
>>>> * updated doc
>>>> ---
>>>>   Documentation/vfio.txt              |   8 +-
>>>>   drivers/vfio/vfio_iommu_spapr_tce.c | 268 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------
>>>>   2 files changed, 199 insertions(+), 77 deletions(-)
>>>> diff --git a/Documentation/vfio.txt b/Documentation/vfio.txt
>>>> index 94328c8..7dcf2b5 100644
>>>> --- a/Documentation/vfio.txt
>>>> +++ b/Documentation/vfio.txt
>>>> @@ -289,10 +289,12 @@ PPC64 sPAPR implementation note
>>>>   This implementation has some specifics:
>>>> -1) Only one IOMMU group per container is supported as an IOMMU group
>>>> -represents the minimal entity which isolation can be guaranteed for and
>>>> -groups are allocated statically, one per a Partitionable Endpoint (PE)
>>>> +1) On older systems (POWER7 with P5IOC2/IODA1) only one IOMMU group per
>>>> +container is supported as an IOMMU table is allocated at the boot time,
>>>> +one table per a IOMMU group which is a Partitionable Endpoint (PE)
>>>>   (PE is often a PCI domain but not always).
>>> I thought the more fundamental problem was that different PEs tended
>>> to use disjoint bus address ranges, so even by duplicating put_tce
>>> across PEs you couldn't have a common address space.
>> Sorry, I am not following you here.
>> By duplicating put_tce, I can have multiple IOMMU groups on the same virtual
>> PHB in QEMU, "[PATCH qemu v7 04/14] spapr_pci_vfio: Enable multiple groups
>> per container" does this, the address ranges will the same.
> Oh, ok.  For some reason I thought that (at least on the older
> machines) the different PEs used different and not easily changeable
> DMA windows in bus addresses space.

They do use different tables (which VFIO does not get to remove/create and 
uses these old helpers - iommu_take/release_ownership), correct. But all 
these windows are mapped at zero on a PE's PCI bus and nothing prevents me 
from updating all these tables with the same TCE values when handling 
H_PUT_TCE. Yes it is slow but it works (bit more details below).

>> What I cannot do on p5ioc2 is programming the same table to multiple
>> physical PHBs (or I could but it is very different than IODA2 and pretty
>> ugly and might not always be possible because I would have to allocate these
>> pages from some common pool and face problems like fragmentation).
> So allowing multiple groups per container should be possible (at the
> kernel rather than qemu level) by writing the same value to multiple
> TCE tables.  I guess its not worth doing for just the almost-obsolete
> IOMMUs though.

It is done at QEMU level though. As it works now, QEMU opens a group, walks 
through all existing containers and tries attaching a new group there. If 
it succeeded (x86 always; POWER8 after this patch), a TCE table is shared. 
If it failed, QEMU creates another container, attaches it to the same 
VFIO/PHB address space and attaches a group there.

Then the only thing left is repeating ioctl() in vfio_container_ioctl() for 
every container in the VFIO address space; this is what that QEMU patch 
does (the first version of that patch called ioctl() only for the first 
container in the address space).

 From the kernel prospective there are 2 isolated containers; I'd like to 
keep it this way.

btw thanks for the detailed review :)


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