[PATCH 4/4] powerpc/eeh: Avoid event on passed PE

Gavin Shan gwshan at linux.vnet.ibm.com
Tue May 20 21:56:06 EST 2014

On Tue, May 20, 2014 at 01:25:11PM +0200, Alexander Graf wrote:
>On 20.05.14 10:30, Gavin Shan wrote:
>>If we detects frozen state on PE that has been passed to guest, we
>>needn't handle it. Instead, we rely on the guest to detect and recover
>>it. The patch avoid EEH event on the frozen passed PE so that the guest
>>can have chance to handle that.
>>Signed-off-by: Gavin Shan <gwshan at linux.vnet.ibm.com>
>How does the guest learn about this failure? We'd need to inject an
>error into it, no?

When error is existing in HW level, 0xFF's will be turned on reading
PCI config space or memory BARs. Guest retrieves the failure state,
which is captured by HW automatically, via RTAS call
"ibm,read-slot-reset-state2" when seeing 0xFF's on reading PCI config
space or memory BARs. If "ibm,read-slot-reset-state2" reports errors in HW,
the guest kernel starts to recovery.

It can be called as "passive" reporting. There possible has one case that
the error can't be reported for ever: No device driver binding to the VFIO
PCI device and no access to device's config space and memory BARs. However,
it doesn't matter. As we don't use the device, we needn't detect and recover
the error at all.

>I think what you want is an irqfd that the in-kernel eeh code
>notifies when it sees a failure. When such an fd exists, the kernel
>skips its own error handling.

Yeah, it's a good idea and something for me to improve in phase II. We
can discuss for more later. For now, what I have in my head is something
like this:

      [ Host ] -> Error detected -> irqfd (or eventfd) -> QEMU 
                        Send one EEH event to guest kernel
                        Guest kernel starts the recovery

(A): I didn't figure out one convienent way to do the EEH event injection yet.


>>  arch/powerpc/kernel/eeh.c                 | 8 ++++++++
>>  arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/eeh-ioda.c | 3 ++-
>>  2 files changed, 10 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/eeh.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/eeh.c
>>index 9c6b899..6543f05 100644
>>--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/eeh.c
>>+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/eeh.c
>>@@ -400,6 +400,14 @@ int eeh_dev_check_failure(struct eeh_dev *edev)
>>  	if (ret > 0)
>>  		return ret;
>>+	/*
>>+	 * If the PE has been passed to guest, we won't check the
>>+	 * state. Instead, let the guest handle it if the PE has
>>+	 * been frozen.
>>+	 */
>>+	if (eeh_pe_passed(pe))
>>+		return 0;
>>  	/* If we already have a pending isolation event for this
>>  	 * slot, we know it's bad already, we don't need to check.
>>  	 * Do this checking under a lock; as multiple PCI devices
>>diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/eeh-ioda.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/eeh-ioda.c
>>index 1b5982f..03a3ed2 100644
>>--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/eeh-ioda.c
>>+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/powernv/eeh-ioda.c
>>@@ -890,7 +890,8 @@ static int ioda_eeh_next_error(struct eeh_pe **pe)
>>  				opal_pci_eeh_freeze_clear(phb->opal_id, frozen_pe_no,
>>  				ret = EEH_NEXT_ERR_NONE;
>>-			} else if ((*pe)->state & EEH_PE_ISOLATED) {
>>+			} else if ((*pe)->state & EEH_PE_ISOLATED ||
>>+				   eeh_pe_passed(*pe)) {
>>  				ret = EEH_NEXT_ERR_NONE;
>>  			} else {
>>  				pr_err("EEH: Frozen PHB#%x-PE#%x (%s) detected\n",

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