Disable sleep states on P7+

Steven Pratt slpratt at austin.ibm.com
Wed Jan 15 04:04:59 EST 2014

On 01/14/2014 10:10 AM, Preeti U Murthy wrote:
> Hi Steven,
> On 01/14/2014 08:06 PM, Steven Pratt wrote:
>> I am looking for info on when and how we are able to disable power saving features of current (P7, P7+) chips in order to reduce latency. This is often done in latency sensitive applications when power consumption is not an issue. On Intel boxes we can disable P-state frequency changes as well as disabling C-State or sleep state changes. In fact we can control how deep a sleep the processor can go into.  I know we have control Dynamic Processor Scaling and Idle Power Savings, but what states do these really affect?  Can I really disable Nap mode of a processor? If so how?  Can I disable even the lightest winkle mode?  Looking for current information (read RHEL 6 and SLES11), future changes are interesting.
>> Steve
> I can answer this question with respect to cpuidle on PowerNV platforms.
> 1. In order to disable cpuidle states management altogether, one can
> pass the powersave=off kernel cmd line parameter during boot up of the
> kernel. This will ensure that each time a CPU has nothing to do, it can
> enter low thread priority which could lower power consumption to some
> extent but is not expected to hit latency of applications noticeably.
> 2. In order to exactly control the cpuidle states into which idle CPUs
> can enter into during runtime, one can make use of the sysfs files under:
> /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpux/cpuidle/statex/disable option to
> selectively disable any state.
> However if one is using the menu cpuidle governor, disabling an idle
> state does not disable the idle states which are deeper than it. They
> continue to remain active unless they are specifically disabled. What
> this means is that one cannot control the depth of the idle states
> available for a CPU, although we can control the exact idle states
> available for a processor.
> But if the ladder governor is used, one can control the depth of the
> idle states that a CPU can enter into. The governor can be chosen by
> echoing either menu/ladder to
> /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuidle/current_governor_ro. The cpuidle
> governor takes decisions about the idle state for a cpu to enter into
> depending on its idle history. The popular governor used by most archs
> is the menu governor.
> Hence nap/sleep/winkle any of these states can be disabled. The code
> which enables the above mentioned functionalities on powernv is yet to
> go upstream although the same is already upstream and can be used for
> the pseries platform to disable/enable the idle states on it.
> Today on powernv the default idle state nap is entered into all the
> time. One can disable it by echoing 0 to powersave_nap under
> /proc/sys/kernel/powersave_nap, in which case the cpu enters low thread

Thanks, that is great information going forward, now I just need info on what works today in PowerVM.


> priority.
> Thanks
> Regards
> Preeti U Murthy
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