[PATCH] perf: Fix compile warnings in tests/attr.c

Sukadev Bhattiprolu sukadev at linux.vnet.ibm.com
Thu Jan 24 05:57:33 EST 2013

Michael Ellerman [michael at ellerman.id.au] wrote:
| > | make: *** [tests/attr.o] Error 1
| > | 
| > | i386 compiles fine
| > 
| > __u64 is 'unsigned long long' on x86 and PRIu64 is 'llu' which is fine.
| > 
| > __u64 is 'unsigned long' on Power and PRIu64 is 'lu' which is again fine.
| > 
| > But __u64 is 'unsigned long long' on x86_64, but PRIu64 is '%lu' bc __WORDSIZE
| > is 64.
| This is a bit of a mess, but let me see if I can help explain it.

Yes it is :-) thanks for explaining it.

| The root of the problem is that you're mixing up the kernel type __u64,
| with the userspace format specifier PRIu64.

struct perf_event_attr is shared with user space and is using __u64. Should
it use uint64_t instead ?

| PRIu64 is the format specifier for printing a uint64_t, it _may_ also be
| the right specifier for a __u64, but there's no guarantee of that - as
| you have discovered.
| Inside the kernel both x86 and powerpc use unsigned long long always, in
| 32-bit and 64-bit code. That means in the kernel we can always use %llu.
| On x86 that definition is also exported to userspace, so on x86 __u64 is
| always unsigned long long. As you noticed this potentially differs from
| uint64_t, which can be confusing. However it means in x86 userspace code
| you can always print a __u64 with %llu.
| On powerpc we default to using definitions that match userspace, so
| __u64 changes depending on your wordsize, and so you must use PRIu64
| etc. to print them.

Well, using __u64 and PRIu64 seems breaks x86-64...

| There is however support in recent powerpc kernels to switch to using
| unsigned long long even on 64-bit. See commit 2c9c6ce.
| You need to define __SANE_USERSPACE_TYPES__ before including types.h.
| Then you can always use %llu to print __u64.

but __SANE_USERSPACE_TYPES__ with __u64 and %llu seems to work on x86,
x86-64, powerpc.

Will modify my patch to add __SANE_USERSPACE_TYPES__ but leave the %llu
as is.


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