[PATCH v3 01/25] irq_domain: add documentation and MAINTAINERS entry.

Grant Likely grant.likely at secretlab.ca
Sat Jan 28 08:35:55 EST 2012

Documentation for irq_domain library which will be created in subsequent

Signed-off-by: Grant Likely <grant.likely at secretlab.ca>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh at kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx at linutronix.de>
Cc: Rob Herring <rob.herring at calxeda.com>
Cc: Milton Miller <miltonm at bga.com>
 Documentation/IRQ-domain.txt |  113 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 MAINTAINERS                  |    9 +++
 2 files changed, 122 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/IRQ-domain.txt

diff --git a/Documentation/IRQ-domain.txt b/Documentation/IRQ-domain.txt
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..247f32a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/IRQ-domain.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,113 @@
+irq_domain interrupt number mapping library
+The current design of the Linux kernel uses a single large number
+space where each separate IRQ source is assigned a different number.
+This is simple when there is only one interrupt controller, but in
+systems with controllers the kernel must ensure that each one does not
+get assigned overlapping allocations of Linux irq numbers.
+The irq_alloc_desc*() and irq_free_desc*() API provides allocation of
+irq numbers, but it doesn't provide any support for reverse mapping of
+the controller-local irq (hwirq) number into the Linux irq number
+The irq_domain library adds mapping between hwirq and irq numbers on
+top of the irq_alloc_desc*() API.  An irq_domain to manage mapping is
+preferred over interrupt controller drivers open coding their own
+reverse mapping scheme.
+irq_domain also implements translation from Device Tree interrupt
+specifiers to hwirq numbers, and can be easily extended to support
+other irq topology data sources.
+=== irq_domain usage ===
+An interrupt controller driver creates and registers an irq_domain by
+calling one of the irq_domain_add_*() functions (each mapping method
+has a different allocator function, more on that later).  The function
+will return a pointer to the irq_domain on success.  It must provide
+the allocator function with an irq_domain_ops structure with the .map
+callback populated as a minimum.
+In most cases, the irq_domain will begin empty without any mappings
+between hwirq and irq numbers.  Mappings are added to the irq_domain
+by calling irq_create_mapping() which accepts the irq_domain and a
+hwirq number as arguments.  If a mapping for the hwirq doesn't already
+exist then it will allocate a new linux irq_desc, associate it with
+the hwirq, and call the .map() callback so the driver can perform any
+required hardware setup.
+When an interrupt is received, irq_find_mapping() function should
+be used to find the Linux irq number from the hwirq number.
+If the driver has the Linux irq number or the irq_data pointer, and
+needs to know the associated hwirq number (such as in the irq_chip
+callbacks) then it can be directly obtained from irq_data->hwirq.
+=== Types of irq_domain mappings ===
+There are several mechanisms available for reverse mapping from hwirq
+to Linux irq, and each mechanism uses a different allocation function.
+Which reverse map type should be used depends on the use case.  Each
+of the reverse map types are described below:
+==== Linear ====
+The linear reverse map maintains a fixed size table indexed by the
+hwirq number.  When a hwirq is mapped, an irq_desc is allocated for
+the hwirq, and the irq number is stored in the table.
+The Linear map is a good choice when the maximum number of hwirqs is
+fixed and a relatively small number (~ < 256).  The advantages of this
+map are fixed time lookup for irq numbers, and irq_descs are only
+allocated for in-use irqs.  The disadvantage is that the table must be
+as large as the largest possible hwirq number.
+The majority of drivers should use the linear map.
+==== Tree ====
+The irq_domain maintains a radix tree map from hwirq numbers to linux
+irqs.  When an hwirq is mapped, and irq_desc is allocated and the
+hwirq is used as the lookup key for the radix tree.
+The tree map is a good choice if the hwirq number can be very large
+since it doesn't need to allocate a table as large as the largest
+hwirq number.  The disadvantage is that hwirq to irq number lookup is
+dependent on how many entries are in the table.
+Very few drivers should need this mapping.  At the moment, powerpc
+iseries is the only user.
+==== No Map ===-
+The No Map mapping is to be used when the hwirq number is
+programmable in the hardware.  In this case it is best to program the
+Linux irq number into the hardware itself so that no mapping is
+required.  Calling irq_create_direct_mapping() will allocate a linux
+irq number and call the .map() callback so that driver can program the
+Linux irq number into the hardware.
+Most drivers cannot use this mapping.
+==== Legacy ====
+The Legacy mapping is a special case for drivers that already have a
+range of irq_descs allocated for the hwirqs.  It is used when the
+driver cannot be immediately converted to use the linear mapping, such
+as when the driver is used in a system with fixed irq number
+assignments, as is typical in many embedded system board files.
+The legacy map assumes a contiguous range of irq numbers has already
+been allocated for the controller and that the irq number can be
+calculated by adding a fixed offset to the hwirq number, and
+visa-versa.  The disadvantage is that it requires the interrupt
+controller to manage irq allocations and it requires an irq_desc to be
+allocated for every hwirq, even if it is unused.
+Drivers should only use the legacy map if they have fixed irq mappings
+(#define IRQ_* in embedded board files).  For example, ISA controllers
+mapped to Linux irqs 0-15 would use the legacy map.
index 89b70df..d308f0f 100644
@@ -3626,6 +3626,15 @@ S:	Maintained
 T:	git git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip.git irq/core
 F:	kernel/irq/
+M:	Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh at kernel.crashing.org>
+M:	Grant Likely <grant.likely at secretlab.ca>
+T:	git git://git.secretlab.ca/git/linux-2.6.git irqdomain/next
+S:	Maintained
+F:	Documentation/IRQ-domain.txt
+F:	include/linux/irqdomain.h
+F:	kernel/irq/irqdomain.c
 M:	Jaroslav Kysela <perex at perex.cz>
 S:	Maintained

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