[PATCH 1/4] byteorder: allow arch to opt to use GCC intrinsics for byteswapping

David Woodhouse dwmw2 at infradead.org
Tue Dec 4 21:15:27 EST 2012

From: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse at intel.com>

Since GCC 4.4, there have been __builtin_bswap32() and __builtin_bswap16()
intrinsics. A __builtin_bswap16() came a little later (4.6 for PowerPC,
48 for other platforms).

By using these instead of the inline assembler that most architectures
have in their __arch_swabXX() macros, we let the compiler see what's
actually happening. The resulting code should be at least as good, and
much *better* in the cases where it can be combined with a nearby load
or store, using a load-and-byteswap or store-and-byteswap instruction
(e.g. lwbrx/stwbrx on PowerPC, movbe on Atom).

When GCC is sufficiently recent *and* the architecture opts in to using
the intrinsics by setting CONFIG_ARCH_USE_BUILTIN_BSWAP, they will be
used in preference to the __arch_swabXX() macros. An architecture which
does not set ARCH_USE_BUILTIN_BSWAP will continue to use its own
hand-crafted macros.

Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <David.Woodhouse at intel.com>
 include/linux/compiler-gcc4.h  | 10 ++++++++++
 include/linux/compiler-intel.h |  7 +++++++
 include/uapi/linux/swab.h      | 12 +++++++++---
 3 files changed, 26 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/compiler-gcc4.h b/include/linux/compiler-gcc4.h
index 412bc6c..dc16a85 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler-gcc4.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler-gcc4.h
@@ -63,3 +63,13 @@
 #define __compiletime_warning(message) __attribute__((warning(message)))
 #define __compiletime_error(message) __attribute__((error(message)))
+#if __GNUC_MINOR__ >= 4
+#define __HAVE_BUILTIN_BSWAP32__
+#define __HAVE_BUILTIN_BSWAP64__
+#if __GNUC_MINOR__ >= 8 || (defined(__powerpc__) && __GNUC_MINOR__ >= 6)
+#define __HAVE_BUILTIN_BSWAP16__
diff --git a/include/linux/compiler-intel.h b/include/linux/compiler-intel.h
index d8e636e..973ce10 100644
--- a/include/linux/compiler-intel.h
+++ b/include/linux/compiler-intel.h
@@ -29,3 +29,10 @@
 #define uninitialized_var(x) x
+#ifndef __HAVE_BUILTIN_BSWAP16__
+/* icc has this, but it's called _bswap16 */
+#define __HAVE_BUILTIN_BSWAP16__
+#define __builtin_bswap16 _bswap16
diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/swab.h b/include/uapi/linux/swab.h
index e811474..0e011eb 100644
--- a/include/uapi/linux/swab.h
+++ b/include/uapi/linux/swab.h
@@ -45,7 +45,9 @@
 static inline __attribute_const__ __u16 __fswab16(__u16 val)
-#ifdef __arch_swab16
+#ifdef __HAVE_BUILTIN_BSWAP16__
+	return __builtin_bswap16(val);
+#elif defined (__arch_swab16)
 	return __arch_swab16(val);
 	return ___constant_swab16(val);
@@ -54,7 +56,9 @@ static inline __attribute_const__ __u16 __fswab16(__u16 val)
 static inline __attribute_const__ __u32 __fswab32(__u32 val)
-#ifdef __arch_swab32
+#ifdef __HAVE_BUILTIN_BSWAP32__
+	return __builtin_bswap32(val);
+#elif defined(__arch_swab32)
 	return __arch_swab32(val);
 	return ___constant_swab32(val);
@@ -63,7 +67,9 @@ static inline __attribute_const__ __u32 __fswab32(__u32 val)
 static inline __attribute_const__ __u64 __fswab64(__u64 val)
-#ifdef __arch_swab64
+#ifdef __HAVE_BUILTIN_BSWAP64__
+	return __builtin_bswap64(val);
+#elif defined (__arch_swab64)
 	return __arch_swab64(val);
 #elif defined(__SWAB_64_THRU_32__)
 	__u32 h = val >> 32;

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