[PATCH v2] powerpc: reserve iommu page 0

Thadeu Lima de Souza Cascardo cascardo at linux.vnet.ibm.com
Wed Sep 21 23:06:12 EST 2011

Some devices have a dma-window that starts at the address 0. This allows
DMA addresses to be mapped to this address and returned to drivers as a
valid DMA address. Some drivers may not behave well in this case, since
the address 0 is considered an error or not allocated.

The solution to avoid this kind of error from happening is reserve the
page addressed as 0 so it cannot be allocated for a DMA mapping.

Ben Herrenschmidt deserves the credit for this patch. He pointed out the
solution and what code would do the job.

Add a comment in the code.

Signed-off-by: Thadeu Lima de Souza Cascardo <cascardo at linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh at kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus at samba.org>
Cc: linuxppc-dev at lists.ozlabs.org

Resending, since it was recommended to add a comment about this
particular code.

 arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c |    8 ++++++++
 1 files changed, 8 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c b/arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c
index 961bb03..8395301 100644
--- a/arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/kernel/iommu.c
@@ -501,6 +501,14 @@ struct iommu_table *iommu_init_table(struct iommu_table *tbl, int nid)
 	tbl->it_map = page_address(page);
 	memset(tbl->it_map, 0, sz);
+	/*
+	 * Reserve page 0 so it will not be used for any mappings.
+	 * This avoids buggy drivers that consider page 0 to be invalid
+	 * to crash the machine or even lose data.
+	*/
+	if (tbl->it_offset == 0)
+		set_bit(0, tbl->it_map);
 	tbl->it_hint = 0;
 	tbl->it_largehint = tbl->it_halfpoint;

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