[RFC PATCH 17/17] KVM: PPC: Add an ioctl for userspace to select which platform to emulate

Alexander Graf agraf at suse.de
Fri Jul 1 20:23:21 EST 2011

On 01.07.2011, at 12:09, Paul Mackerras wrote:

> On Thu, Jun 30, 2011 at 05:04:23PM +0200, Alexander Graf wrote:
>> On 06/29/2011 12:41 PM, Paul Mackerras wrote:
>>> +struct kvm_ppc_set_platform {
>>> +	__u16 platform;		/* defines the OS/hypervisor ABI */
>>> +	__u16 guest_arch;	/* e.g. decimal 206 for v2.06 */
>>> +	__u32 flags;
>> Please add some padding so we can extend it later if necessary.
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +/* Values for platform */
>>> +#define KVM_PPC_PV_NONE		0	/* bare-metal, non-paravirtualized */
>>> +#define KVM_PPC_PV_KVM		1	/* as defined in kvm_para.h */
>>> +#define KVM_PPC_PV_SPAPR	2	/* IBM Server PAPR (a la PowerVM) */
>> We also support BookE which would be useful to also include in the list.
>> Furthermore, KVM is more of a feature flag than a platform. We can
>> easily support KVM extensions on an SPAPR platform, no?
> Yes, I guess so.  The hypercall sequence will have to be different,
> since ordinary system call interrupts go straight to the guest.  But I
> guess you've allowed for that with the hypercall sequence property in
> the device tree.
>> This whole interface also could deprecate the PVR setting one, so we
>> can simply include PVR as well and not require kernel space to jump
>> through hoops to figure out its capabilities.
> I debated about whether to include a PVR value in this structure.
> The thing is that POWER7 has the "Processor Compatibility Register"
> (PCR), which has a bit which makes the processor behave in user mode
> as if it were a POWER6.  So, we could run a book3s_hv guest in POWER6
> mode by setting this bit (which we might want to do to run older
> distros).  However, this bit doesn't affect the PVR value that the
> guest sees.  That's why I went for an architecture level rather than a
> specific PVR value.
> We could go with a PVR value and use the "logical" PVR values defined
> in PAPR to represent architecture levels, e.g. 0x0f000002 for
> architecture v2.05 (POWER6).

IIUC the PVR values are somewhat standardized to contain major and minor revision numbers. Can't we just mask out the minor ones and match for known good systems?

>> And we need to identify 32-bit BookS processors, so we can go into
>> 32-bit mode when necessary. That should also be a different
>> guest_arch, right?
> Right.  If we go with a PVR value then we just use the PVR value for a
> suitable 32-bit processor.

Well, we need to have some way of mapping PVR to arch then. KVM easily supports -cpu G3 and G4. We might also want to have some information on feature flags, such as Altivec or SPE mode available. Or paired singles :). I'm not sure I want to have all that mapping information inside the kernel.

So what we could do is we just provide as much information as we can from user space, including PVR, architecture (2.01 for example), features (32/64-bit, booke/books, fpu, altivec, spe, ...).

>>> +
>>> +/* Values for flags */
>>> +#define KVM_PPC_CROSS_ARCH	1	/* guest architecture != host */
>> User space shouldn't have to worry about this one. It's up to the
>> kernel to decide that it's cross.
> I put that in because we might want to force the use of book3s_pr, for
> example if we know we're going to want to do emulated MMIO or
> something else that isn't implemented in book3s_hv just yet.

Ah, I see. Well, we could just add a flag to the feature list saying MMIO. If that's impossible to satisfy (HV only), fail the call. Otherwise switch to _pr mode. Later when _hv might be able to support MMIO, we can use it without changing user space.

> Ultimately, yes, the kernel should be able to decide whether it's
> cross or not.  However, I don't think we should make it completely
> opaque to userspace as to whether the kernel is using _pr or _hv.
> If nothing else, userspace should be able to find out and tell the
> user so that performance expectations can be set correctly.

Hrm. Sure, but the decision should be done in kernel land based on all information required to actually make it. And the kernel has more information regarding the system it's running on, so that's the place to actually do the decision. Bubbling it up to user space again is certainly fine by me :).


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