[PATCH][RFC] preempt_count corruption across H_CEDE call with CONFIG_PREEMPT on pseries

Darren Hart dvhltc at us.ibm.com
Fri Sep 3 10:08:39 EST 2010

On 09/02/2010 04:04 PM, Michael Neuling wrote:
> In message <1283400367.2356.69.camel at gandalf.stny.rr.com> you wrote:
>> On Thu, 2010-09-02 at 11:02 +1000, Michael Neuling wrote:
>>> We need to call smp_startup_cpu on boot when we the cpus are still in
>>> FW.  smp_startup_cpu does this for us on boot.
>>> I'm wondering if we just need to move the test down a bit to make sure
>>> the preempt_count is set.  I've not been following this thread, but
>>> maybe this might work?
>> Egad no! Setting the preempt_count to zero _is_ the bug. I think Darren
>> even said that adding the exit prevented the bug (although now he's
>> hitting a hard lockup someplace else). The original code he was using
>> did not have the condition to return for kexec. It was just a
>> coincidence that this code helped in bringing a CPU back online.
>>> Untested patch below...
>>> Mikey
>>> diff --git a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/smp.c b/arch/powerpc/platforms/
> pseries/smp.c
>>> index 0317cce..3afaba4 100644
>>> --- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/smp.c
>>> +++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/smp.c
>>> @@ -104,18 +104,18 @@ static inline int __devinit smp_startup_cpu(unsigned 
> int lcpu)
>>>  	pcpu = get_hard_smp_processor_id(lcpu);
>>> -	/* Check to see if the CPU out of FW already for kexec */
>>> -	if (smp_query_cpu_stopped(pcpu) == QCSS_NOT_STOPPED){
>>> -		cpumask_set_cpu(lcpu, of_spin_mask);
>>> -		return 1;
>>> -	}
>>> -
>>>  	/* Fixup atomic count: it exited inside IRQ handler. */
>>>  	task_thread_info(paca[lcpu].__current)->preempt_count	= 0;
>> We DON'T want to do the above. It's nasty! This is one CPU's task
>> touching an intimate part of another CPU's task. It's equivalent of me
>> putting my hand down you wife's blouse. It's offensive, and rude.
>> OK, if the CPU was never online, then you can do what you want. But what
>> we see is that this fails on CPU hotplug.  You stop a CPU, and it goes
>> into this cede_processor() call. When you wake it up, suddenly the task
>> on that woken CPU has its preempt count fscked up.  This was really
>> really hard to debug. We thought it was stack corruption or something.
>> But it ended up being that this code has one CPU touching the breasts of
>> another CPU. This code is a pervert!
>> What the trace clearly showed, was that we take down a CPU, and in doing
>> so, the code on that CPU set the preempt count to 1, and it expected to
>> have it as 1 when it returned. But the code that kicked started this CPU
>> back to life (bring the CPU back online), set the preempt count on the
>> task of that CPU to 0, and screwed everything up.
> /me goes to checks where this came from...
> It's been in the kernel since hotplug CPU support was added to ppc64
> back in 2004, so I guess we are all at fault for letting this pervert
> get away with this stuff for so long in plain sight. :-)
> So I guess we should remove this but we need to audit all the different
> paths that go through here to make sure they are OK with preempt.
> Normal boot, kexec boot, hotplug with FW stop and hotplug with
> extended_cede all hit this.
> Mikey

CC'ing my alter ego.

Darren Hart
IBM Linux Technology Center
Real-Time Linux Team

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