[PATCH][RFC] preempt_count corruption across H_CEDE call with CONFIG_PREEMPT on pseries

Darren Hart dvhltc at us.ibm.com
Thu Sep 2 04:47:29 EST 2010

On 09/01/2010 08:10 AM, Darren Hart wrote:
> On 08/31/2010 10:54 PM, Michael Ellerman wrote:
>> On Tue, 2010-08-31 at 00:12 -0700, Darren Hart wrote:
>> ..
>>> When running with the function plugin I had to stop the trace
>>> immediately before entering start_secondary after an online or my traces
>>> would not include the pseries_mach_cpu_die function, nor the tracing I
>>> added there (possibly buffer size, I am using 2048). The following trace
>>> was collected using "trace-cmd record -p function -e irq -e sched" and
>>> has been filtered to only show CPU [001] (the CPU undergoing the
>>> offline/online test, and the one seeing preempt_count (pcnt) go to
>>> ffffffff after cede. The function tracer does not indicate anything
>>> running on the CPU other than the HCALL - unless the __trace_hcall*
>>> commands might be to blame. 
>> It's not impossible. Though normally they're disabled right, so the only
>> reason they're running is because you're tracing. So if they are causing
>> the bug then that doesn't explain why you see it normally.
>> Still, might be worth disabling just the hcall tracepoints just to be
>> 100% sure.
> A couple of updates. I was working from tip/rt/head, which has been
> stale for some months now. I switched to tip/rt/2.6.33 and the
> preempt_count() change over cede went away. I now see the live hang that
> Will has reported.
> Before I dive into the live hang, I want to understand what fixed the
> preempt_count() change. That might start pointing us in the right
> direction for the live hang.
> I did an inverted git bisect between tip/rt/head and tip/rt/2.6.33 to
> try and locate the fix. I've narrowed it down to the merge:
> # git show 7e1af1172bbd4109d09ac515c5d376f633da7cff
> commit 7e1af1172bbd4109d09ac515c5d376f633da7cff
> Merge: d8e94db 9666790
> Author: Thomas Gleixner <tglx at linutronix.de>
> Date:   Tue Jul 13 16:01:16 2010 +0200
>     Merge
> git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/stable/linux-2.6.33.y
>     Conflicts:
>         Makefile
>     Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx at linutronix.de>
> Visual inspection yields two patches of interest:
> f8b67691828321f5c85bb853283aa101ae673130
> powerpc/pseries: Make query-cpu-stopped callable outside hotplug cpu
> aef40e87d866355ffd279ab21021de733242d0d5
> powerpc/pseries: Only call start-cpu when a CPU is stopped
> I'm going to try reverting these today and see if they addressed the
> issue indirectly.


powerpc/pseries: Only call start-cpu when a CPU is stopped

--- a/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/smp.c
+++ b/arch/powerpc/platforms/pseries/smp.c
@@ -82,6 +82,12 @@ static inline int __devinit smp_startup_cpu(unsigned int lcpu)
        pcpu = get_hard_smp_processor_id(lcpu);
+       /* Check to see if the CPU out of FW already for kexec */

This comment is really confusing to me. I _think_ it is saying that this test
determines if the CPU is done executing firmware code and has begun executing
OS code.... Is that right?

+       if (smp_query_cpu_stopped(pcpu) == QCSS_NOT_STOPPED){
+               cpu_set(lcpu, of_spin_map);
+               return 1;
+       }
        /* Fixup atomic count: it exited inside IRQ handler. */
        task_thread_info(paca[lcpu].__current)->preempt_count   = 0;

from tip/rt/2.6.33 causes the preempt_count() to change across the cede
call.  This patch appears to prevents the proxy preempt_count assignment
from happening. This non-local-cpu assignment to 0 would cause an
underrun of preempt_count() if the local-cpu had disabled preemption
prior to the assignment and then later tried to enable it. This appears
to be the case with the stack of __trace_hcall* calls preceeding the
return from extended_cede_processor() in the latency format trace-cmd

  <idle>-0       1d....   201.252737: function:             .cpu_die
  <idle>-0       1d....   201.252738: function:                .pseries_mach_cpu_die
  <idle>-0       1d....   201.252740: function:                   .idle_task_exit
  <idle>-0       1d....   201.252741: function:                      .switch_slb
  <idle>-0       1d....   201.252742: function:                   .xics_teardown_cpu
  <idle>-0       1d....   201.252743: function:                      .xics_set_cpu_priority
  <idle>-0       1d....   201.252744: function:             .__trace_hcall_entry
  <idle>-0       1d..1.   201.252745: function:                .probe_hcall_entry
  <idle>-0       1d..1.   201.252746: function:             .__trace_hcall_exit
  <idle>-0       1d..2.   201.252747: function:                .probe_hcall_exit
  <idle>-0       1d....   201.252748: function:             .__trace_hcall_entry
  <idle>-0       1d..1.   201.252748: function:                .probe_hcall_entry
  <idle>-0       1d..1.   201.252750: function:             .__trace_hcall_exit
  <idle>-0       1d..2.   201.252751: function:                .probe_hcall_exit
  <idle>-0       1d....   201.252752: function:             .__trace_hcall_entry
  <idle>-0       1d..1.   201.252753: function:                .probe_hcall_entry
  offon.sh-3684  6.....   201.466488: bprint:               .smp_pSeries_kick_cpu : resetting pcnt to 0 for cpu 1

preempt_count() is reset from 1 to 0 by smp_startup_cpu() without the
QCSS_NOT_STOPPED check from the patch above.

  <idle>-0       1d....   201.466503: function:             .__trace_hcall_exit
  <idle>-0       1d..1.   201.466505: function:                .probe_hcall_exit
  <idle>-0       1d.Hff.   201.466507: bprint:               .pseries_mach_cpu_die : after cede: ffffffff

With the preempt_count() being one less than it should be, the final
preempt_enable() in the trace_hcall path drops preempt_count to
0xffffffff, which of course is an illegal value and leads to a crash.

I don't know if the patch above is the "right fix" for this or not as
don't yet understand why this occurs only with PREEMPT_RT and not in
mainline. Once we sort that out, we may need a more specific fix.

Many thanks to Steven Rostedt for pouring over the trace and the trace
code with me.


Darren Hart
IBM Linux Technology Center
Real-Time Linux Team

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