[PATCH] math-emu: correct test for downshifting fraction in _FP_FROM_INT()

David Miller davem at davemloft.net
Tue Jul 20 08:12:33 EST 2010

From: Mikael Pettersson <mikpe at it.uu.se>
Date: Mon, 19 Jul 2010 23:58:42 +0200

> The kernel's math-emu code contains a macro _FP_FROM_INT() which is
> used to convert an integer to a raw normalized floating-point value.
> It does this basically in three steps:
> 1. Compute the exponent from the number of leading zero bits.
> 2. Downshift large fractions to put the MSB in the right position
>    for normalized fractions.
> 3. Upshift small fractions to put the MSB in the right position.
> There is an boundary error in step 2, causing a fraction with its
> MSB exactly one bit above the normalized MSB position to not be
> downshifted.  This results in a non-normalized raw float, which when
> packed becomes a massively inaccurate representation for that input.
> The impact of this depends on a number of arch-specific factors,
> but it is known to have broken emulation of FXTOD instructions
> on UltraSPARC III, which was originally reported as GCC bug 44631
> <http://gcc.gnu.org/bugzilla/show_bug.cgi?id=44631>.
> Any arch which uses math-emu to emulate conversions from integers to
> same-size floats may be affected.
> The fix is simple: the exponent comparison used to determine if the
> fraction should be downshifted must be "<=" not "<".
> I'm sending a kernel module to test this as a reply to this message.
> There are also SPARC user-space test cases in the GCC bug entry.
> Signed-off-by: Mikael Pettersson <mikpe at it.uu.se>

Thanks for fixing this Mikael:

Acked-by: David S. Miller <davem at davemloft.net>

Has anyone done an audit to compare the copy of math-emu in glibc, gcc,
and the linux kernel so that we don't have bugs living in some places
but not others?

These sources really need to be consolidated somehow.

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