dtc: RFC: Fix some lexical problems with references

Jon Loeliger jdl at jdl.com
Thu Nov 29 06:53:38 EST 2007

So, like, the other day David Gibson mumbled:
> The recent change to the lexer to only recognize property and node
> names in the appropriate context removed a number of lexical warts in
> our language that would have gotten ugly as we add expression support
> and so forth.
> But there's one nasty one remaining: references can contain a full
> path, including the various problematic node name characters (',', '+'
> and '-', for example).  This would cause trouble with expressions, and
> it also causes trouble with the patch I'm working on to allow
> expanding references to paths rather than phandles.  This patch
> therefore reworks the lexer to mitigate these problems.
> 	- References to labels cause no problems.  These are now
> recognized separately from references to full paths.  No syntax change
> here.
> 	- References to full paths, including problematic characters
> are allowed by "quoting" the path with braces
> e.g. &{/pci at 10000/somedevice at 3,8000}.  The braces protect any internal
> problematic characters from being confused with operators or whatever.
> 	- For compatibility with existing dts files, in v0 dts files
> we allow bare references to paths as before &/foo/bar/whatever - but
> *only* if the path contains no troublesome characters.  Specifically
> only [a-zA-Z0-9_@/] are allowed.
> This is an incompatible change to the dts-v1 format, but since AFAIK
> no-one has yet switched to dts-v1 files, I think we can get away with
> it.  Better to make the transition when people to convert to v1, and
> get rid of the problematic old syntax.
> Strictly speaking, it's also an incompatible change to the v0 format,
> since some path references that were allowed before are no longer
> allowed.  I suspect no-one has been using the no-longer-supported
> forms (certainly none of the kernel dts files will cause trouble).  We
> might need to think about this harder, though.
> Signed-off-by: David Gibson <david at gibson.dropbear.id.au>



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