[PATCH 1/1] powerpc: Add powerpc PCI-E reset API implementation

Brian King brking at linux.vnet.ibm.com
Sat Apr 7 05:19:04 EST 2007

Linas Vepstas wrote:
> On Fri, Apr 06, 2007 at 09:07:04AM -0500, Brian King wrote:
>> This patch requires a generic PCI layer patch, which is in Greg's
>> queue for 2.6.22, 
> I managed to miss seeing that patch, even though I thought I was 
> subscribed to the mailing list. Was there any discusion of it?


>> +int pcibios_set_pcie_reset_state(struct pci_dev *dev, enum pcie_reset_state state)
> I think you'll need an EXPORT_SMBOL_GPL if you plan to call this from
> a module.

It is only to be called from the generic PCI layer. Anyone else should be
calling pci_set_pcie_reset_state, which is the PCI layer wrapper for it.

>> +	switch (state) {
>> +	case pci_reset_normal:
>> +		rtas_pci_slot_reset(pdn, 0);
> I find this naming confusing. rtas_pci_slot_reset(pdn, 0),
> for PCI ad PCI-X means "deassert the reset"; it does not 
> mean "do a normal reset".

Normal refers to the reset state of the slot, not the type of reset.
I'm happy to change it if that would be less confusing.

>> +		break;
>> +	case pci_reset_pcie_hot_reset:
>> +		rtas_pci_slot_reset(pdn, 1);
>> +		break;
>> +	case pci_reset_pcie_warm_reset:
>> +		rtas_pci_slot_reset(pdn, 3);
> For PCI and PCI-X, rtas_pci_slot_reset(pdn, 1) means "hold the
> reset line high, until such time that its de-asserted."

Correct. This is a PCI-E only API. I don't think we want to be
supporting an API that allows asserting reset on a potentially
shared PCI bus.

>> +	return 0;
> I notice that you do no error checking. I recently wrapped 
> rtas_set_slot_reset() to wait for slot status to settle down 
> before reporting success or failure of the reset. 

I didn't do any error checking because there was no error checking
in __rtas_set_slot_reset either. I can add error checking if needed,
but I'm not sure I would do anything with it in ipr. 

> Although the PAPR maps 1 to hot reset, and 3 to #PERST, I always
> had the impression that they managed to reverse meaing of these two
> (i.e. its a poor match to what the PCI-E spec says), and I never 
> understood why. I am still thinking that the correct reset seqeunce
> on linux is to try "3" first, if its supported, and then try a "1".
> I've not taken steps to do this, though.

Possibly. Its not clear to me how you can tell if a 3 is supported, however.
You can check if the platform supports it, but there is no guarantee
that the adapter itself supports it. It may ignore it, or it may do
bad things.

> I could wrap rtas_set_slot_reset()  to try a "3" first, for 
> PCI-E slots, and do 1 "1" only if that fails. Would this solve 
> the problem that you are having?

rtas_set_slot_reset can sleep, which means the amount of code and
complexity in the ipr driver to use this API would grow quite a bit.

Additionally, as I already mentioned, how would you know that 3 failed?
The device may respond just fine to config cycles after a failed "3", but
still not actually be in a healthy state. As a corollary, with this particular
ipr adapter a hot reset appears to work from a pci config access perspective,
but the adapter firmware ends up in a bad state since the adapter's processor
does not get reset. Its not clear would don't have adapters that have issues
in the other direction.


Brian King
eServer Storage I/O
IBM Linux Technology Center

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