pci error recovery procedure

Zhang, Yanmin yanmin_zhang at linux.intel.com
Tue Sep 5 12:32:08 EST 2006

On Mon, 2006-09-04 at 17:03, Benjamin Herrenschmidt wrote:
> > As you know, all functions of a device share the same bus number and 5 bit dev number.
> > They just have different 3 bit function number. We could deduce if functions are in the same
> > device (slot).
> Until you have a P2P bridge ...
> > Thanks. Now I understand why you specified mmio_enabled and slot_reset. They are just
> > to map to pSeries platform hardware operation steps. I know little about pSeries hardware,
> > but is it possible to merge such hardware steps from software point of view?
> One of the ideas we had when defining those steps is to be precise
> enough to let drivers who _can_ deal with those fine grained pSeries
> step implement them, but also have the fallback to slot reset whenever
> possible.
> Now, if in practice, after actually implementing this in a number of
> drivers, we see that slot reset is the only ever used path, then we
> might want to simplify things a bit. I didn't want to impose that
> restriction in the initial design though.
Thanks for your explanation. Now it's the time to delete mmio_enabled
and merge slot_reset with resume.

> It's my understanding that doing no slot reset (hardware reset) but just
> re-enabling MMIO, DMA and clearing pending error status in the PCI
> config space is, as far as the driver is concerned, almost functionally
> equivalent to a PCIe link reset. That is, the link reset might not (or
> will not) actually reset the hardware beyond the PCIe link layer.
I agree.

> Thus we could simplify the split between link reset / hard reset. The
> former is an attempt at recovery with only resetting the PCI path to the
> device, which on PCIe becomes a link reset, and on old PCI, just
> clearing of the various error bits along the path (and on pSeries,
> re-enabling MMIO and DMA access). However, there is still the problem
> that if you do that, on pSeries at least, you really want to 1- enable
> MMIO, 2- soft reset the card using MMIO, that is make sure all pending
> DMA is stopped, and 3- re-enable DMA. While if we collapse that into a
> single 'link reset' type of operation, we'll end up re-enabling MMIO and
> DMA before the driver has a chance to stop pending DMA's
Is it the exclusive reason to have multi-steps?

1) Here link reset and hard reset are hardware operations, not the
link_reset and slot_reset callback in pci_error_handlers.

2) Callback error_detected will notify drivers there is PCI errors. Drivers
shouldn't do any I/O in error_detected.

3) If both the link and slot are reset after all error_detected are called,
the device should go back to initial status and all DMA should be stopped
automatically. Why does the driver still need a chance to stop DMA? The
error_detected of the drivers in the latest kernel who support err handlers
always returns PCI_ERS_RESULT_NEED_RESET. They are typical examples.

>  and thus
> increase the chance that we crap out due to a pending DMA on the chip.
> Ben.

Above discussion is only about if mmio_enabled is needed.
As for slot_reset, I think it could be merged with resume, because platforms
do nothing between calling slot_reset and resume. Any comment?


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