Michael Ellerman michael at ellerman.id.au
Wed Aug 9 20:27:08 EST 2006

On Wed, 2006-08-09 at 11:52 +0200, Segher Boessenkool wrote:
> > I was just re-reading this thread and this got me thinking. I think  
> > the
> > current code does violate this rule if firmware has allocated more  
> > than
> > one MSI to the device.
> >
> > In rtas_enable_msi() we ask firmware how many MSIs the device has been
> > given (by firmware), we then return one to the driver, but leave any
> > extras configured.
> >
> > So this might lead to the state where the card has been configured to
> > use x MSIs, but we only tell the driver about 1 of them. I don't know
> > enough PCI to grok if that's going to be a problem.
> A device could in principle happily start using all MSIs it has been
> assigned as soon as its global interrupt enable bit is set.  So lying
> to the driver about what MSIs are enabled can in principle cause nasty
> problems.
> In reality however, on any (recent) device, every interrupt cause also
> has its own enable bits that the driver needs to set.  So we're sort-of
> safe here.

Yeah ok, I thought that was probably the answer - it's possible, but
probably not a problem IRL.

> Eventually, we should change the API for pci_enable_msi() so that it
> can enable multiple MSIs as well; an arch implementation can always
> choose to do just one.  This lets us roll the APIs for MSI and MSI-X
> into one as well btw -- always a good thing!

Yeah. Looking at the way drivers use the current API (and there's only a
few), they generally seem to try to enable n MSI-X vectors, then
fallback to a single MSI then LSI. And then there's some that just want
a single MSI as a drop-in replacement for LSI.

So I think we could have pci_enable_msi(dev), which would enable a
single MSI _or_ MSI-X vector, depending on what's available. That'd be
used by drivers that just want a simple replacement for LSI. And then
pci_enable_multi_msi(dev, num_irqs) which would give the driver num_irqs
MSI or MSI-X vectors.


Michael Ellerman
IBM OzLabs

wwweb: http://michael.ellerman.id.au
phone: +61 2 6212 1183 (tie line 70 21183)

We do not inherit the earth from our ancestors,
we borrow it from our children. - S.M.A.R.T Person
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