[PATCH v7 3/3] i2c: aspeed: Assert NAK when slave is busy

Quan Nguyen quan at os.amperecomputing.com
Tue Jul 5 12:45:11 AEST 2022

On 17/06/2022 14:08, Quan Nguyen wrote:
> On 16/06/2022 19:29, Wolfram Sang wrote:
>> Hi Quan,
>>> On the first occurrence of I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_REQUESTED, the address is 
>>> already
>>> received with ACK. So if slave return -EBUSY, the NAK will occur on 
>>> the next
>>> Rx byte (on I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_RECEIVED event).
>> This is exactly why I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_RECEIVED allows for an error code.
>>  From the docs:
>> ===
>> * I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_RECEIVED (mandatory)
>>    'val': bus driver delivers received byte
>>    'ret': 0 if the byte should be acked, some errno if the byte should 
>> be nacked
>> Another I2C master has sent a byte to us which needs to be set in 
>> 'val'. If 'ret'
>> is zero, the bus driver should ack this byte. If 'ret' is an errno, 
>> then the byte
>> should be nacked.
>> ===
>> 'ret' is used to ACK/NACK the current byte in 'val'. That's exactly what
>> you need, or? Does the aspeed driver not support acking the current
>> byte?
> It is true that aspeed driver does not support acking the current byte. 
> Setting ASPEED_I2CD_M_S_RX_CMD_LAST will take effect on the next Rx byte 
> as per my observation.
> S-> Aw(ACK)-> RxD(ACK)-> Sr-> Ar-> TxD(ACK)-> ... -> TxD(NAK)-> P
>       (1)        (2)
> Currently, setting ASPEED_I2CD_M_S_RX_CMD_LAST in (1), on 
> I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_REQUESTED event, will make the NAK happen in (2) and 
> make the read stop.
> If setting ASPEED_I2CD_M_S_RX_CMD_LAST on (2), ie: on 
> I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_RECEIVED event, the read from Master is never NAK 
> because there is no next Rx byte and Master is already switch to read 
> from Slave.
> I understands that the return of
> i2c_slave_event(slave, I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_REQUESTED, &value) is always 0 as 
> in Documentation/i2c/slave-interface.rst. But with this case, this is 
> the way to NAK on the first byte and I'm wonder if this particular case 
> would be supported somehow.

Dear Wolfram,

 From my particular case, as it seems not to be able to nak on the 
current byte on I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_RECEIVED event (i2c-aspeed), is it 
possible to somehow allow slave to return some errno on the 
I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_REQUESTED event so that bus driver knows what to do for 
the next incoming byte if slave is busy?

As from the docs:



   'val': unused

   'ret': always 0

Another I2C master wants to write data to us. This event should be sent once
our own address and the write bit was detected. The data did not arrive 
yet, so
there is nothing to process or return. Wakeup or initialization probably 
to be done, though.


As the "Wakeup or initialization probably needs to be done" in the slave 
side, in case slave is fail to either wake up or initialization or busy 
in this particular case, there is no way for slave to let the bus driver 
know the status if the 'ret' is always 0.

I'm also agree that it should be always ack on I2C_SLAVE_WRITE_REQUESTED 
event (when the slave address matched and the write bit detected). But 
if slave know it is fail to either wakeup or initialization or busy, the 
bus driver should be able to automatically to nak on the first write 
incoming byte.

Hence, my thinking is to change the above:

   'ret': always 0


   'ret': 0 otherwise some errno if slave is busy or fail to wakeup or 

Thank you and best regards,
- Quan

More information about the Linux-aspeed mailing list