[PATCH v3] drivers: introduce and use WANT_DMA_CMA for soft dependencies on DMA_CMA

Robin Murphy robin.murphy at arm.com
Mon Apr 12 23:12:20 AEST 2021

On 2021-04-09 14:39, David Hildenbrand wrote:
> On 09.04.21 15:35, Arnd Bergmann wrote:
>> On Fri, Apr 9, 2021 at 1:21 PM David Hildenbrand <david at redhat.com> 
>> wrote:
>>> Random drivers should not override a user configuration of core knobs
>>> (e.g., CONFIG_DMA_CMA=n). Applicable drivers would like to use DMA_CMA,
>>> which depends on CMA, if possible; however, these drivers also have to
>>> tolerate if DMA_CMA is not available/functioning, for example, if no CMA
>>> area for DMA_CMA use has been setup via "cma=X". In the worst case, the
>>> driver cannot do it's job properly in some configurations.
>>> For example, commit 63f5677544b3 ("drm/etnaviv: select CMA and 
>>> DMA_CMA if
>>> available") documents
>>>          While this is no build dependency, etnaviv will only work 
>>> correctly
>>>          on most systems if CMA and DMA_CMA are enabled. Select both 
>>> options
>>>          if available to avoid users ending up with a non-working GPU 
>>> due to
>>>          a lacking kernel config.
>>> So etnaviv really wants to have DMA_CMA, however, can deal with some 
>>> cases
>>> where it is not available.
>>> Let's introduce WANT_DMA_CMA and use it in most cases where drivers
>>> select CMA/DMA_CMA, or depend on DMA_CMA (in a wrong way via CMA because
>>> of recursive dependency issues).
>>> We'll assume that any driver that selects DRM_GEM_CMA_HELPER or
>>> DRM_KMS_CMA_HELPER would like to use DMA_CMA if possible.
>>> With this change, distributions can disable CONFIG_CMA or
>>> CONFIG_DMA_CMA, without it silently getting enabled again by random
>>> drivers. Also, we'll now automatically try to enabled both, CONFIG_CMA
>>> and CONFIG_DMA_CMA if they are unspecified and any driver is around that
>>> selects WANT_DMA_CMA -- also implicitly via DRM_GEM_CMA_HELPER or
>>> For example, if any driver selects WANT_DMA_CMA and we do a
>>> "make olddefconfig":
>>> 1. With "# CONFIG_CMA is not set" and no specification of
>>>     "CONFIG_DMA_CMA"
>>> -> CONFIG_DMA_CMA won't be part of .config
>>> 2. With no specification of CONFIG_CMA or CONFIG_DMA_CMA
>>> Contiguous Memory Allocator (CMA) [Y/n/?] (NEW)
>>> DMA Contiguous Memory Allocator (DMA_CMA) [Y/n/?] (NEW)
>>> 3. With "# CONFIG_CMA is not set" and "# CONFIG_DMA_CMA is not set"
>>> -> CONFIG_DMA_CMA will be removed from .config
>>> Note: drivers/remoteproc seems to be special; commit c51e882cd711
>>> ("remoteproc/davinci: Update Kconfig to depend on DMA_CMA") explains 
>>> that
>>> there is a real dependency to DMA_CMA for it to work; leave that 
>>> dependency
>>> in place and don't convert it to a soft dependency.
>> I don't think this dependency is fundamentally different from the others,
>> though davinci machines tend to have less memory than a lot of the
>> other machines, so it's more likely to fail without CMA.
> I was also unsure - and Lucas had similar thoughts. If you want, I can 
> send a v4 also taking care of this.

TBH I think it should all just be removed. DMA_CMA is effectively an 
internal feature of the DMA API, and drivers which simply use the DMA 
API shouldn't really be trying to assume *how* things might be allocated 
at runtime - CMA is hardly the only way. Platform-level assumptions 
about the presence or not of IOMMUs, memory carveouts, etc., and whether 
it even matters - e.g. a device with a tiny LCD may only need display 
buffers which still fit in a regular MAX_ORDER allocation - could go in 
platform-specific configs, but I really don't think they belong at the 
generic subsystem level.

We already have various examples like I2S drivers that won't even probe 
without a dmaengine provider being present, or host controller drivers 
which are useless without their corresponding phy driver (and I'm 
guessing you can probably also do higher-level things like include the 
block layer but omit all filesystem drivers). I don't believe it's 
Kconfig's job to try to guess whether a given configuration is *useful*, 
only to enforce that's it's valid to build.


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