[PATCH 0/4] media: platform: Add Aspeed Video Engine driver

Eddie James eajames at linux.vnet.ibm.com
Fri Sep 14 05:11:49 AEST 2018

On 09/03/2018 06:57 AM, Hans Verkuil wrote:
> Hi Eddie,
> Thank you for your work on this. Interesting to see support for this SoC :-)
> On 08/29/2018 11:09 PM, Eddie James wrote:
>> The Video Engine (VE) embedded in the Aspeed AST2400 and AST2500 SOCs
>> can capture and compress video data from digital or analog sources. With
>> the Aspeed chip acting as a service processor, the Video Engine can
>> capture the host processor graphics output.
>> This series adds a V4L2 driver for the VE, providing a read() interface
>> only. The driver triggers the hardware to capture the host graphics output
>> and compress it to JPEG format.
>> Testing on an AST2500 determined that the videobuf/streaming/mmap interface
>> was significantly slower than the simple read() interface, so I have not
>> included the streaming part.
> Do you know why? It should be equal or faster, not slower.

Yes, it seems to be an issue with the timing of the video engine 
interrupts compared with how a normal v4l2 application queues buffers. 
With the simple read() application, the driver can swap between DMA 
buffers freely and get a frame ahead. With the streaming buffers, I 
found the driver ran through the queue quite quickly, but then, once 
userspace queues again, we had to wait for the next frame, as I couldn't 
get a frame ahead since no buffers were available during that time 
period. This could possibly be solved with more buffers but this gets to 
require a lot of memory, since each buffer is allocated for the full 
frame size even though we only fill a fraction of it with JPEG data...

> I reviewed about half of the driver, but then I stopped since there were too
> many things missing.
> First of all, you need to test your driver with v4l2-compliance (available here:
> https://git.linuxtv.org/v4l-utils.git/). Always compile from the git repo since
> the versions from distros tend to be too old.
> Just run 'v4l2-compliance -d /dev/videoX' and fix all issues. Then run
> 'v4l2-compliance -s -d /dev/videoX' to test streaming.
> This utility checks if the driver follows the V4L2 API correctly, implements
> all ioctls that it should and fills in all the fields that it should.
> Please add the output of 'v4l2-compliance -s' to future versions of this patch
> series: I don't accept V4L2 drivers without a clean report of this utility.

Sure thing. Thanks for the guidance.

> If you have any questions, then mail me or (usually quicker) ask on the #v4l
> freenode irc channel (I'm in the CET timezone).
> One thing that needs more explanation: from what I could tell from the driver
> the VIDIOC_G_FMT ioctl returns the detected format instead of the current
> format. This is wrong. Instead you should implement the VIDIOC_*_DV_TIMINGS
> ioctls and the V4L2_EVENT_SOURCE_CHANGE event.
> The normal sequence is that userspace queries the current timings with
> VIDIOC_QUERY_DV_TIMINGS, if it finds valid timings, then it sets these
> timings with _S_DV_TIMINGS. Now it can call G/S_FMT. If the timings
> change, then the driver should detect that and send a V4L2_EVENT_SOURCE_CHANGE
> event.

OK I see. I ended up simplifying this part anyway since it's not 
possible to change the video size from the driver. I don't think there 
is a need for VIDIOC_QUERY_DV_TIMINGS now, but feel free to review.

Thanks again,

> When the application receives this event it can take action, such as
> increasing the size of the buffer for the jpeg data that it reads into.
> The reason for this sequence of events is that you can't just change the
> format/resolution mid-stream without giving userspace the chance to
> reconfigure.
> Regards,
> 	Hans
>> It's also possible to use an automatic mode for the VE such that
>> re-triggering the HW every frame isn't necessary. However this wasn't
>> reliable on the AST2400, and probably used more CPU anyway due to excessive
>> interrupts. It was approximately 15% faster.
>> The series also adds the necessary parent clock definitions to the Aspeed
>> clock driver, with both a mux and clock divider.
>> Eddie James (4):
>>    clock: aspeed: Add VIDEO reset index definition
>>    clock: aspeed: Setup video engine clocking
>>    dt-bindings: media: Add Aspeed Video Engine binding documentation
>>    media: platform: Add Aspeed Video Engine driver
>>   .../devicetree/bindings/media/aspeed-video.txt     |   23 +
>>   drivers/clk/clk-aspeed.c                           |   41 +-
>>   drivers/media/platform/Kconfig                     |    8 +
>>   drivers/media/platform/Makefile                    |    1 +
>>   drivers/media/platform/aspeed-video.c              | 1307 ++++++++++++++++++++
>>   include/dt-bindings/clock/aspeed-clock.h           |    1 +
>>   6 files changed, 1379 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>>   create mode 100644 Documentation/devicetree/bindings/media/aspeed-video.txt
>>   create mode 100644 drivers/media/platform/aspeed-video.c

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